Political Science 1020E Study Guide - Midterm Guide: On Liberty, Wilt Chamberlain, Robert Nozick

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Aristotle(cid:859)s t(cid:449)o questio(cid:374)s: who rules, one, few, many. In the rulers, or in the interests of the governed. Powerful state is needed to avoid disastrous interpersonal conflict. Fundamental law: seek peace, if you can get it. Second law: lay down natural rights, if others do too. Some lack power to enforce the law of nature. Pity or compassion for the suffering of others. How change happens in the state of nature. We would be better off without government. Justifying the state = showing that there are universal political obligations. Volu(cid:374)taris(cid:373): tate(cid:859)s politi(cid:272)al authorit(cid:455) depe(cid:374)ds o(cid:374) (cid:373)(cid:455) (cid:272)o(cid:374)se(cid:374)t. Social contract: political obligation based on contract or agreement. Obey the law iff obeying will produce greater happiness than disobeying. Objection: this is a law breakers charter. Where i receive benefits from the state, fairness requires that i take on my share of the burden. I have a duty of fairness to do my part only if i accept the benefits.