An introduction to political philosophy jonathan wolff. Determine the balance between autonomy and authority: determine the proper distribution of political power. Normative discipline: establish norms, rules, or ideal standards, how things should be: what is right, just or morally correct. Descriptive: find out how things are. It is impossible for humans to live without a state. Hobbes feared the evil of the civil war and anarchy. Nothing could be worse than the state without protection. Two keys to understanding human nature: self-knowledge. Nature of humans thoughts, hopes, and fears: knowledge of general principles of physics. Theory of the conservation of motion: humans are always searching for something, never at rest. Fear of death will naturally bring humans to create a state. Power: one"s present means to obtain some future apparent good. Riches, reputations, and friends are all sources of power. Humans have a restless desire of power after power.