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Study Guide

Political Science 1020E- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 41 pages long!)


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Charles Jones
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Political Science 1020E
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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January 9, 2018
Sections to pay attention to in the textbook:
Politics in action examples in lecture or tutorial, fair game for exams
Green boxes, biographies no exam questions
Yellow concept boxes, absolutely fair game
Debating page fair game for exams
Blue boxes, will be told which ones matter and which ones don’t
Will give a review!!!!!
Defining State
The state
States haven’t always existed
Rival forms of states such as cities, kingdoms and empires
State model proved superior after 1500
The state model is now universal
Will we always have states? Will new forms of political organization come
through?
Defining the State
Hegelian Idealism
Developmental approach, moving towards the end of history
Particular altruism- family treats a person within a particular way
Universal egoism- civil society, general rules
Universal Altruism- the state, protection from threats
Therefore the state is the end of history
Woodrow Wilson: State Idealist
Functionalism
You get what you need
State provides order and stability
So what threatens order
Marxist- class conflict threatens order
But state is wherever does this work
Organizational approach
State as a specific set of institutions
The state brings nothing its just a term that refers to very specific
Institutions
Territorial state, defensible borders
People
Sovereignty
Public institutions and roles
Domination- max weber, the monopoly of coercion within a given
territory
Legitimacy
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January 9, 2018
The States Dualism
International Approach
Effective government
Relations with other states
The duality of the State
Protects its people from each other and also from external threats
Borders define what is internal and external in the first place
Emergence of the Dual State
Feudalism
Series of personal relations
War made the state
The Universal Church
Protestant reformation
Peace of Westphalia territorial change has to do with wars over
religion
The state internalizes the religion to allow for total control
Dualism’s Distinction
State from internal society for which it provides rules and order
State from the international sphere in which it competes with other states
in the absence of order
Comparative Politics
Treating the state as a unit of analysis
Compare units (strong v weak, democracy v communism)
Politics under state provided order
International Relations
The study of states within the state system
Begins with the subject of anarchy
State interactions with the absence of rules on how states should interact
with each other
The Triumph Of the State Model
A series of states
States are formally equal
But actually highly unequal in capacity
The Role of the State
Pluralist State (Liberal Model)
Social power is widely and evenly dispersed
The elected government leads the way
Therefore the state is neutral
Capitalist State
Is a Marxist analysis to capitalist society
Social power is unequal and concentrated
Economy generates hierarchy of classes
Therefore the state is biased in favour of the dominant class
Patriarchal State
Social power is unequal and concentrated
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