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Political Science 1020E Quiz: MalariaPremium

3 pages53 viewsFall 2017

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Andrew Chater
Study Guide

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What is malaria?
Parasitic infection that is spread between people by mosquitoes and is arguably the
most important vector-transmitted disease in the world.
The leading parasitic cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide
0.25 mortality rate
prevalence is so high that even a low mortality rate results in large
number of deaths
200 million clinical cases of malaria in 2013
584,000 people dying from the mosquito-borne disease
3/4 of deaths pregnant women or children under five.
3.3 billion people at risk
55,111,095 DALYs
“Malaria remains the biggest cause of death for children under five in Africa.”
Malaria begins as a flu-like illness 8 to 30 days after infection. Symptoms include
Typical cycles of fever, shaking chills, and drenching sweats may then
Death may be due to brain damage (cerebral malaria), or damage to vital
Malaria is present in over 100 countries.
In sub-Saharan Africa, where it is the single largest cause of death for children under
five, malaria kills nearly one child every minute approximately 1,300 children every
Four nobel prizes have been award for Malaria focussed research and it has been a
major focus of international health efforts
48% decline in # of deaths since 2000
tremendous improvement but still harmful
still large number of deaths
Malaria is preventable and curable.
The G & T
Quinine powder from cinchona bark used by indigenous people to prevent and
treat Malaria.
By 1840s British in India were using 700 tons of bark each year for quinine
Quinine so bitter, mixed it with soda and water…..
1870 “Schwepps Indian Quinine Tonic Water
The Panama Canal & the US CDC
26,000 employees building the canal
21,000 (86%) were hospitalized for malaria
many public health lessons were learned from here
Drained pools near houses and villages
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