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Political Science 1020E Midterm: Political-Science-1020E-The-Different-Beliefs

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Bruce Morrison

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Steven Pinker
Our era is less violent than any other era in human history
Noam Chomsky
state s generate widescale violence
Moral progress along with potential nuclear annihilation
Hobbes
Worst scenario: no state, main premise: human nature
Human nature
Introspection, materialism, felicity, reputation, self regarding, averse to own
death, equally able and equally vulnerable
Hobbes road to war: equality, scarcity, uncertainty
Hobbes law of nature big three: keep covenants, seek peace, be willing to lay down your
liberty
Equality: equally physically able
Laws of nature: Laws of rationality to survive
Natural liberty: life, liberty, and property
There will be scarcity and conflict
The savage is unaware of morality: solitary, only fears pain and hunger
Reply to Anarchism: fear and competition will ruin cooperation, a few bad apples ruin
everything
Negative justification of the state: only because the alternative is so bad
John Nash
The best result comes from everyone doing what is best for themselves and the group
Adam Smith
Individual ambition serves the common good
Locke
State of nature is one of peace
Equality: lack of subordination
Laws of nature: Moral law
Natural liberty: Within moral laws
Executive power of law of nature includes the right to punish by everyone
There will be abundance, cultivate your own land
Civilization has corrupted us we are naturally good
Lockes conclusion to state of nature: we either each believe our own rules or we all
agree to a set of rules
Property is whatever we need: should not waste, leave enough and good for others
Created the labour mixing argument, the value-added argument
Rousseau
Human nature: desire for self-preservation and pity/compassion for others
The state of nature will improve leading to innovation, cooperation, and leisure
Freedom is making the laws for ourselves then following them, not following our desires
He thinks executive power should be held by a few but everyone votes for laws
His thoughts on private property: no one owns the earth, fruits of earth belong to
everyone

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Description
Steven Pinker Our era is less violent than any other era in human history Noam Chomsky state s generate widescale violence Moral progress along with potential nuclear annihilation Hobbes Worst scenario: no state, main premise: human nature Human nature Introspection, materialism, felicity, reputation, self regarding, averse to own death, equally able and equally vulnerable Hobbes road to war: equality, scarcity, uncertainty Hobbes law of nature big three: keep covenants, seek peace, be willing to lay down your liberty Equality: equally physically able Laws of nature: Laws of rationality to survive Natural liberty: life, liberty, and property There will be scarcity and conflict The savage is unaware of morality: solitary, only fears pain and hunger Reply to Anarchism: fear and competition will ruin cooperation, a few bad apples ruin everything Negative justification of the state: only because the alternative is so bad John Nash The best result comes from everyone doing what is best for themselves and the group Adam Smith Individual ambition serves the common good Locke State of nature is one of peace Equality: lack of subordination Laws of nature: Moral law Natural liberty: Within moral laws Executive power of law of nature includes the right to punish by everyone There will be abundance, cultivate your own land Civilization has corrupted us we are naturally good Lockes conclusion to state of nature: we either each believe our own rules or we all agree to a set of rules Property is whatever we need: should not waste, leave enough and good for others Created the labour mixing argument, the valueadded argument Rousseau Human nature: desire for selfpreservation and pitycompassion for others The state of nature will improve leading to innovation, cooperation, and leisure Freedom is making the laws for ourselves then following them, not following our desires He thinks executive power should be held by a few but everyone votes for laws His thoughts on private property: no one owns the earth, fruits of earth belong to everyone
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