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Final

Political Science 2142A/B Study Guide - Final Guide: Freaked, Benny Goodman, Action Figure


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2142A/B
Professor
Alison Meek
Study Guide
Final

Page:
of 23
HIST 3307E – FINAL STUDY GUIDE
(based on chosen topics/terms decided on by prof)
SECTION 1 – IDENTIFICATIONS
oTHE WORLD COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION, 1893
A.k.a The Chicago World’s Fair
Held in 1893 to celebrated the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus
“discovering America”
World’s Fair in Paris – real issue for the US
oThe French had a real treat for everyone – unveiling the Eiffel
Tower
Elevator, fully illuminated by lights lke no one had ever seen
before
America – wanted to “out-Eiffel, Eiffel”
Layout of the park was designed by John Wellborn Root, Daniel Burnham,
and Frederick Law Olmsted and modeled after a prototype of what the
colleagues believed a city should look like. It was made to follow French
architectural designs and neoclassical principles based on symmetry and
splendor.
The White City – every building represented ancient architecture (Victorian
side of American Culture)
oAlmost didn’t open on time, so they took buckets of white paints
and slapped it on the buildings so it looked presentable
oReaction – very boring place for tourists who wanted to see big
attractions
Became a place where people would go to take a break from
all the hustle and bustle of the rest of the park
Free entry, didn’t attract many patrons
The Midway – created by businessmen – understood people would pay to
be entertained
oWould have to pay for food, attractions
oMajority of visitors went and stayed here
Covered 600 acres of land featuring 200 newly built buildings with this new
neoclassical French style.
Opened May 1st, 1893 (to the public)
Showcased to the city how Chicago had risen from the ashes after the Great
Chicago Fire of 1871
The fair was an influential social and cultural event. At the fair many inventors
such as Thomas Edison, Milton S. Hershey, Nikola Tesla, George Ferris,
and Marshall Field were there. Many other famous people were there too such as
President Grover Cleveland, Mark Twain, Buffalo Bill, Sitting Bull, Scott Joplin,
Mayor Carter Harrison, Sr., and Daniel Burnham.
The exposition was were many famous inventions were first presented or
many modern items such as the Ferris wheel (In response to the Eiffel
Tower), Quaker Oats, Hershey's, the Frontier thesis was presented, and
the United States Mint, in the United States of America, offered its first
commemorative coins.
The fair also challenged Victorian views of women and sexuality
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oInternational aspects – men were sent around the world to hire
people from various countries who would perform native acts in
their native dress
i.e. belly dancers from Egypt (showing lots of skin compared
to traditional Victorian images)
o“AMOS ‘N ANDY”
Georgia to Harlem
Amos Jones – hard-working
Andy/Andrew H. Brown – city slicker
HIGHEST LISTENED TO RADIO SHOWS IN HISTORY – 40 MILLION
LISTENERS/NIGHT
oFANS – George Bernard Shaw
oNational frenzy 7-7:15pm
1931 trial of Amos
falsely accused of murder
everyone knew he was innocent, looked like he was
going to be convicted
night before, newspapers were flooded with letters
and telegrams threatening boycotting if Amos was
convicted
1939 – finally settled down, getting married, all of a sudden
he gets shot, ends show on cliff hanger
Supreme Court – debating on whether he was
technically married or not
The original radio show, which was popular from the 1928 until 1960, was
created, written, and voiced by two white actors, Freeman Gosden and Charles
Correll, who played a number of different characters, including the titular Amos
Jones (Gosden) and Andrew Hogg Brown (Correll).
When the show moved to television, black actors began taking over the roles,
white characters become less frequent
Transitions with interesting consequences from radio to television
oBlurring the lines of race in America – dealing with everyday issues
everyday Americans face
oGave African American actors a spotlight in Hollywood on
Television
Controversies – the minute this show hit the air, the NAACP
wanted it off; they believed this show demonstrated the
worst characterization of African Americans and portraying
them as lazy, dishonest, etc.
The show went off the air in 1953 after a protest because of
an all-black cast.
Another all-black cast would not be seen until the mid 1960s
o“THE LOST GENERATION”
the generation that came of age during World War I. The term was popularized
by Ernest Hemingway, who used it as one of two contrasting epigraphs for his
novel, The Sun Also Rises.
In that volume Hemingway credits the phrase to Gertrude Stein, who was then
his mentor and patron.
A group, largely of men, who were writers
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Poetry, books, essays, etc.
Upper and middle classes
Men – many of them, like good patriotic Americans, couldn’t wait to get
onto the front
oMost served in the war – saw it all first hand
oLiterature – changes the whole genre of war literature
Used to be very romanticized, with the horrors downplayed
LG – writings address the appalling nature of war
oAngry at their own class – believed that the middle class was
complacent
Serious political, racial, international issues, and the middle
class won’t hear any of it – wiritngs address this
oVery critical of the roaring 20s economic boom
Believe capitalism and culture as a business is detrimental to
art
What’s popular = what sells the most – no substance
to material
oWoodrow Wilson – blame him for saying and believing that this was
a good war to deal with the roots of war
Fails miserably – League of Nations, etc. – incredibly angry
oEXPRESSING THEIR VOICE THROUGH LITERATURE
JOHN DOS PASSOS
oOne of the first
oRich family background
o1916 – decides that he wants to go to Europe
initially wanted to go to spain to school
begins to hear about the personal stories of the war –
realizes that this is serious
volunteers as an ambulance driver – has to transport these
wounded men – trying to save their lives – seeing the reality
of war first hand
kept a diary – firsthand accounts
oPublishes his diary as a fiction
“Three Soldiers” – 3 americans who list in the war
one farmer, one city dweller, one musician (possibly
Af. American?)
go to war, believe in Wilson, but what they find
instead is hell on earth
“Fellas, this ain’t a war, it’s a goddamn madhouse”
otrilogy
“the 42nd Parallell”, 1919, and “The Big Money” 1938
don’t forget about what we went through, because
we’re heading for this again
oHitler in Europe
oWe’re going to put another generation of men
through hell
ERICH REMARQUE’S “ALL QUEIT ON THE WESTERN FRONT”
oGerman
We’re all in this hell together
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find more resources at oneclass.com