Psychology 2040 Study Guide - Final Guide: Synaptic Pruning, Church Attendance, Tantrum

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Published on 2 Jun 2020
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CHAPTER 12
MORAL DEVELOPMENT
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1) Morality has its roots in which three major aspects of our psychological makeup?
A) biological, ethological, and conceptual components
B) social experiences, self-control, and inner standards
C) self-awareness, representational capacities, and social learning
D) emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components
Answer: D
Page Ref: 485
Skill: Remember
Objective: 12.1
2) Dr. Moussai observes that bees sacrifice their lives to protect the hive, and a dog cowers in the corner after wetting the
carpet. Dr. Moussai concludes that many morally relevant behaviors have evolutionary roots, which coincides with
__________ theory(ies) of human social behavior.
A) Piagets
B) social learning
C) biological
D) Kohlbergs
Answer: C
Page Ref: 486
Skill: Apply
Objective: 12.1
3) Two chimpanzees embrace and groom each other after a physical fight in an apparent effort to restore their long-term
relationship. This behavior is consistent with __________ perspective of morality.
A) the biological
B) the psychoanalytic
C) the social learning
D) Kohlberg’s
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Answer: A
Page Ref: 486
Skill: Apply
Objective: 12.1
4) Although a variety of built-in bases for morality have been posited, __________ and __________ are of prime
importance.
A) protection; charity
B) empathy; self-sacrifice
C) reproduction; competition
D) compassion; obedience
Answer: B
Page Ref: 486
Skill: Remember
Objective: 12.1
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5) Evolutionary theorists speculate that our unique capacity to act prosocially toward genetic strangers originated
A) when man began walking upright.
B) several million years ago.
C) about 500 years ago.
D) during the Reformation.
Answer: B
Page Ref: 486
Skill: Remember
Objective: 12.1
6) Researchers who favor the biological perspective of morality believe that __________ is/are involved in the development
of prosocial behaviors.
A) synaptic pruning
B) innate reflexes
C) brain lateralization
D) prewired emotional reactions
Answer: D
Page Ref: 487
Skill: Remember
Objective: 12.1
7) Which of the following statements supports the biological theory of morality?
A) Newborns cry when they hear another baby cry.
B) Researchers have recently discovered the moral gene.
C) Infants are skilled at regulating emotion, which leads to internalization of moral rules.
D) Reciprocal exchanges are far more common, varied, and highly developed in primates than in humans.
Answer: A
Page Ref: 487
Skill: Understand
Objective: 12.1
8) As a child, Rico suffered damage to the ventromedial area of his prefrontal cortex. As an adult, Rico will
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