Psychology 2040 Study Guide - Final Guide: Metacognition, Social Cognition, Intellectual Disability

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Published on 2 Jun 2020
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CHAPTER 11
SELF AND SOCIAL UNDERSTANDING
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1) Dr. Arbus is interested in learning how children come to understand their multifaceted world. In her research, she asks
questions like: When do infants discover that they are separate beings, distinct from other people and objects? Dr. Arbus
is studying
A) social cognition.
B) the inner self.
C) self-concept.
D) personality development.
Answer: A
Page Ref: 447
Skill: Apply
Objective: 11.1
2) As children integrate separate behaviors into an appreciation of their own and others personalities and identities, social
cognition
A) moves away from a metacognitive level of understanding.
B) changes from abstract to concrete.
C) becomes better organized with age.
D) develops more slowly than nonsocial cognition.
Answer: C
Page Ref: 447
Skill: Understand
Objective: 11.1
3) Dr. Zoglin explains to his students how much easier it is to predict the motion of a physical object, such as a rolling ball,
than the actions of a person. Dr. Zoglin is describing
A) differences between the I-self and the me-self.
B) differences between social and nonsocial cognition.
C) the development of self-awareness.
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D) metacognitive understanding.
Answer: B
Page Ref: 447
Skill: Apply
Objective: 11.1
4) Five-year-old Jamari observes his friend Liam fall while ice skating. Instead of crying, Liam starts to laugh, and Jamari
imagines what Liams thoughts and feelings might be. Jamari is using __________ to understand Liams actions.
A) self-regulation
B) social comparison
C) beliefdesire theory of mind
D) perspective taking
Answer: D
Page Ref: 448
Skill: Apply
Objective: 11.1
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5) Newborns’ remarkable capacity for __________ supports the beginnings of self-awareness.
A) intermodal perception
B) attribution training
C) empathetic responding
D) social cognition
Answer: A
Page Ref: 448
Skill: Remember
Objective: 11.1
6) At what age will infants first look longer at a video image of a peer than at a video image of themselves?
A) 1 month
B) 4 months
C) 6 months
D) 9 months
Answer: B
Page Ref: 448449
Skill: Remember
Objective: 11.1
7) Research indicates that infants who look and smile more at video images of others than at video images of themselves
A) have not yet developed self-awareness.
B) are viewing another person as a potential social partner.
C) have a limited self-conceptualization.
D) cannot yet distinguish strangers from familiar caregivers.
Answer: B
Page Ref: 448449
Skill: Understand
Objective: 11.1
8) Two-year-old Isabella has a red dot on her nose. When she looks into a mirror, she tries to rub off the dot. This behavior
indicates that Isabella is developing
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