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Textbook chap 14.docx

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Psychology 2075

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Textbook notes Chapter 14Sexual Orientation and IdentityIntroductionSexual identity Ones selfidentity as gay heterosexual bisexual or asexualSexual orientation A persons erotic and emotional orientation toward members of his or her own gender or members of the other genderHomosexual A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the same gender The use of gay or lesbian is preferable for three reasons1In the past it has been associated with negative stereotypes such as deviance mental illness and criminal behaviour and thus can be used as derogatory label2It emphasizes sexual behaviour rather than sexual identity3Ambiguous because even tough it is a general term it has often been used to refer exclusively to gay menAsexual A person who is not attracted to men or womenPansexual individuals that are open to relationships with people of any sex gender or gender identityThere may be contradiction between peoples sexual identity subjective and their actual choice of sexual partners viewed objectively For example a woman might identify herself as lesbians yet occasionally have sex with men Objectively her choice of sex partner is bisexual but her identity is lesbianHow many people are gay lesbian bi straight or asexualAccording to studies womens attraction seemed to change in all possible directions likely because women are more influenced by relationship experience than are men when it comes to sexual identityA prevalent notion is that homosexual and heterosexual are two quite separate and distinct categories like black and white This is what we might be called a typological conceptualization Kinsey decided to conceptualize oppositesex and same sex behaviour not as two separate categories but rather as variations on a continuum He constructed a scale running from 0 exclusively hetero experience to 6exclusively homo experience with the midpoint of 3equal amount of hetero and homo experience One problem it refers only to behaviour and not to attractionThe alternative is to form a twodimensional scheme The idea here is to have one scale for heteroeroticism the extent of ones attraction to members of the other sex ranging from low to high and another one for homoeroticism If one is high in both hetero and homo one is a bisexual The person high on heteroeroticism and low on homoeroticism is heterosexualThe person high on homo and low on hetero is gay The person low on both is asexualAttitudes
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