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Midterm 1 Vocabulary

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Psychology 2075
Corey Isaacs

Midterm1VocabularyCHAPTER 1Genderthe state of being male or female Sexual behaviourbehaviour that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm Cultivationin communications theory the view that exposure to the mass media makes people think that what they see there represents the mainstream of what really occurs Agendasettingin communications theory the idea that the media define what is important and what is not by the stories they coverSocial learningin communications theory the idea that the media provide role models for whom we imitate Culturetraditional ideas and values passed down from generation to generation within a group and transmitted to members of the group by symbols language for exampleEthnocentrismthe tendency to regard ones own ethnic group and culture as superior to others and as to believe that its customs and way of life are the standards by which other cultures should be judged Incest tabooa regulation prohibiting sexual interaction between close blood relatives such as bro and sis or father and daughter Masturbationselfstimulation of the genitals to produce sexual arousal Sexual healtha state of physical emotional mental and social wellbeing related to sexuality Sexual rightsbasic inalienable rights regarding sexuality both positive and negative right to reproductive selfdetermination and sexual selfexpression and freedom from sexual abuse and violenceCHAPTER 2Sociobiologythe application of evolutionary biology to understanding the social behaviour of animals including humans Evolutiona theory that all living things have acquired their present forms through gradual changes in their genetic endowment over successive generations Natural selectiona process in nature result in greater rates of survival of those plants and animals that are adapted to their environment Sexual selectionselection that results from differences in traits affecting access to mates Evolutionary psychologythe study of psychological mechanisms that have been shaped by natural selection Psychoanalytic theorya psychological theory originated by Sigmund Freudit contains a basic assumption as part of human personality is unconscious Libidoin psychoanalytic theorythe term for sex energy or sex drive Idin psychoanalytic theorythe part of the personality containing the libido
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