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PSYCH 2075 LECTURES TEST PRIOR TO ANATOMY.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2075
Professor
Jessica Polzer
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYCH 2075 Sept 10 , 2012 th 9/13/2012 8:21:00 AM Psychology 2075 th September 10 , 2012 th Human Sexuality in a World of Diversity. 4 Canadian Edition (Rathus, Nevid, Fichner-Rathus, Herold & McKay) SEXUAL HEALTH is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well- being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled SEXUALITY is a central aspect of being human throughout life and encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, sexual orientation, eroticism, pleasure, intimacy and reproduction. Sexuality is experienced and expressed in thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviours, practices, roles and relationships. While sexuality can include all of these dimensions, not al of them are always experienced or expressed. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, ethical, legal, historical, religious and spiritual factors. HOW ARE WE DOING? according to data collected by statistics Canada, the teen pregnancy rate DECREASED between 1996 to 2009 by 35.7% the teen abortion rate DECREASED from 22.1 in 1996 to 14.2 in 2006 Ages 15-7 30% have had sex Ages 18-19 68% have had sex What do you think the trend has ben over the last few years? What does this suggest about sexual education? Chlamydia is highest among teens and adults What is the prevalence rate for Genital Herpes in Canadian Adults? 1 in 5 (20%) Survey of 1358 Canadian youth (ages 13-29) found: 3.5% self-identified as a sexual minority 7.5% of the heterosexual youth surveyed acknowledged experimenting sexually with members of the same sex PSYCH 2075 Sept 17 , 2012 th 9/13/2012 8:21:00 AM Condom Distribution in Schools - do you think this would increase or decrease sexual behavior? Students were NOT more likely to report ever having sexual intercourse BUT sexually active students were significantly more likely to have used a condom at last intercourse (72% vs 56%) What is Human Sexuality? Human Sexuality the ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings - tied to our sex AND our gender includes our erotic feelings, fantasies, desires Sexual Behaviour can be - pleasurable/not pleasurable - voluntary/ not voluntary - for various purposes (reproduction, financial) Sexuality in Canada - immigrants represent 20% of population (50% in Toronto) - Values of immigrants often differ arranged marriages difference in sexual education female circumcision - sexual attitudes and behavior of immigrants are more conservative than the rest of society - First age of intercourse: 75% Canadians (20-24) before 20 years of age versus <50% of immigrants (20-24) - Canadians are more liberal than Americans 80% of Canadians accept premarital sex compared to 64% of americans accptance of same sex marriage (61 vs 36%) - Sexual Satisfaction? men reporting higher levels than women related to gender equality (higher levels of sexual satisfaction) - Our practices are also influenced by politics and the law liberal vs conservative government Example of Cultural Variations in Sexuality WOMEN GOING TOPLESS IN PUBLIC - acceptable in Australia and many Europen Countries - Gwen Jacobs- civil rights issue (got hot out, saw a man with his shirt off and decided to do the same. Woman called the police and she was arrested) - is it sexual or natural? - has anything change now 20 years later? - why not? Permissiveness Questionnaire Think about the role of these various frameworks in your decision-making process- did you follow one framework more than other? Did you use multiple? Ethics of Divinity (religious, no sex before marriage etc) Ethics of Community (conforming to community standards, is something good for the greater good/group as a whole? Ex. Laws such as sexual assault etc) Ethics of Autonomy (rights of an individual) Perspectives on Sexuality What is a perspective? -viewpoint -context for beliefs, opinions, experiences Does your perspective change? Historical Perspective Prehistoric times: female idols and phallic worship - women were worshipped for their role in bearing children and perpetuating the species - women as fertility symbols - drawings with women with large breats, hips and prominent sex organs Increased awreness of he role of the male - Phallic worship: large phalluses, phalluses with wings, etc (the depiction of the penis) Ancient Hebrews
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