Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
Western (10,000)
PSYCH (2,000)
Study Guide

Psychology 1000 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Ivan Sechenov, Wolfgang Köhler, Karl Lashley


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 26 pages of the document.
Western
Psychology 1000
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Psychology Lecture 1 Notes
Wednesday, September 14, 2016
What is Psychology?
Psychology
Scientific study of behaviour
actions
thoughts
feelings
reactions
Goals are to:
describe
understand
predict
control
psyche: soul, spirit, self, or life
-ology: branch of knowledge
Roots of Psychology
Philosophical Perspectives
NATIVISM – knowledge is innate (i.e. inherited)
- Focus on hereditary factors
- NATURE (knowledge inherited)
- Says nothing about experience or learning, all biological
EMPRICISM - Knowledge gained through observation & our senses
- Experiences
- Study only what can be observed
- NURTURE ** only study what we can see
RATIONALISM - knowledge gained through logic and reasoning
History of Studying Behaviour
Philosophical Influences
Aristotle (Naturalist)
Empiricism is born
- Knowledge through experience
Environment and upbringing shape cognitive abilities
Senses is our only source of knowledge
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

John Locke
Nothing can exist within the intellect that did not have its origins in the senses
Empiricism
Born with the human mind as the “Tabula Rasa” = blank slate
Natural Science
Phrenology (GALL)
- Bumps in the skull indicate overdeveloped brain regions
- You can tell a person’s personality or skill by the area where there
is a bump
Cranioscopy
- Can understand someone’s personality from these bump
- Localized brain regions for behaviour
( FLOURENS) – Entire brain (not localized areas) worked in synchrony to produce
general functions
- Majority of brain works together
Natural Science: The Scientists
Charles Darwin
Natural selection
“Survival of the fittest”
Said nothing special about humans
Humans can be studied scientifically
Evolutionary psychology
Ivan Sechenov
Physiologist
believed that all complex behaviour can be explained by reflexes
Wilhelm Wundt
1st Psychology lab (1879)
Leipzig, Germany
Founder of Structuralism, studied structure & smallest components of the
human mind and consciousness
Used introspection
Studied the same phenomena cognitive psychologists study today
Hermann von Ebbinghaus
First empirical study of cognitive phenomena
Memory & Forgetting
William James
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version