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Course Code
PSYCH 1000

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Chapter 1 9/8/2011 9:50:00 AM
o Psych
o Scan through pages 2-19
o The study of human behaviour
o Perception and emotion
o Human brain
o The brain
o Made of neurons
o Neurotransmitters influence how neurons work
o Dopamine causes depression and schizophrenia
o The mind
o What‟s going on in your mind can only be seen when you report it
o Creates different perceptions
o Learning
o Important in behaviors
o Violence learned from media and television
o Clinical issues
o Psychosurgery
o Brain surgery in the absence of obvious organic damage (Moniz)
o Radical prefrontal lobotomy has calming effect on violent emotional
behaviour in chimps
o Moniz supervises about 100 prefrontal lobotomies
o Over next 20 years-40000 in US alone
o Simple procedure, “ice pick” in eye
o Pre frontal lobes “control” emotion, therefore separate from the rest of
o Patients become more docile, apathetic, severe blunting of emotion,
intellectual problems, and can be terminal

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o Study tips:
o relax, don‟t get stressed out
o ask for help if you need it
o there is a lot of biology involved in psychology
o don‟t be intimidated by class size
o take student development centre workshops
o read text and make notes before class
o don‟t miss class
o use the study guide
o keep up with the readings
o take section 001
o form a study group
o Reading the text:
o think about background info
o survey titles, headings, etc.
o outline the chapter
o decide how much you will read
o as you start, look at the heading and ask „what is this about?‟
o look at layout for clue
o look for the big picture
o paraphrase section… put notes in margin… key words, concepts
o make summary notes
o make up test questions
o Time management:
o identify your best time for studying
o study difficult subjects first
o use distributed learning
o make sure the environment is supportive
o set time for your social life
o set time to sleep and eat
o combine activities
o Sept. 13th finish chapter 1

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o What is psychology?
o Explanations of behaviour
o Cultural and environmental factors (e.g. value system)
o Certain cultures are quite aggressive and value aggression, unlike some
other cultures
o Society‟s reaction to certain things
o Climate may trigger aggression
o Individual and psychological factors (e.g. learning, cognitive processes)
o How does an individual think and interpret what is going on?
o They grew up in a certain way which affects the way they perceive things
o Learning how to be aggressive rather than a biological factor causing it
o Why do people handle/explain things differently?
o Biological factors (e.g. neural, hormonal)
o Bodily processes, try to see how these things are involved in behaviour
o What causes aggression through a biological approach certain brain
o Certain neurotransmitters, explanation based on biological factors alone
o Schools of psychology
o Functionalism
o Focus on the function or significance of behaviour
o How does a behaviour (or mental process) help us to adapt
o Primarily biological
o Modern example: psychobiology, neuroscience, ethology (study of
animals in their natural habitat)
o Psychodynamic
o Focus on unconscious experience… the “mind
o Look for unresolved conflict
o Importance of personality- personality develops with the unconscious, has
to do with the unresolved conflicts going on
o Modern example: brief psychodynamic therapy, unconscious processing
o Behaviourism
o Focus on behaviour… forget the “mind”
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