Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
Western (10,000)
PSYCH (2,000)
Study Guide

[Psychology 1000] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (47 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 47 pages of the document.
Western
Psychology 1000
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Reading Notes Chapter 1 1/10/2017 10:20:00 PM
Psychology: scientific study of behavior and the mind
Behavior: actions and responses we can directly observe
Mind: internal states and processes (ex: feelings, thoughts) that
can’t be seen and must be inferred
Clinical psychology: study and treatment of mental disorders
Cognitive psychology: study of mental process from a view that the
mind is an information processor
Examine consciousness, attention, memory, decision making and
problem solving
Psycholinguistics: psychology of language
Psychology Subfields
Biopsychology: how brain processes, genes and hormones influence our
behavior
Developmental psychology: examines human physical, psychological
and social development cross lifespan
Experimental psychology: basic processes such as learning, sensory
systems (ex: vision, hearing), perception and motivational states (ex:
sexual motivation, hunger, thirst)
Industrial-organizational (I/O) psychology: people’s behavior in
workplace (ex: leadership, teamwork, job satisfaction, performance, etc)
Personality psychology: identify core personality traits and how
different traits relate/influence one another
Social psychology: how people influence one another, behave in
groups, form impressions and attitude, etc
Empirical evidence: evidence gained through experience and observation
Psychology’s Goals
1. To describe how people and other animals behave
2. To explain and understand the causes of these behaviors
3. To predict how people and animals will behave under certain conditions
4. To influence or control behavior through knowledge and control of its
causes to enhance human welfare
Levels of Analysis
Behavior and its causes can be examined at the
Biological level ex: brain processes, genetic influences, hormones
Psychological level ex: thoughts, feelings and motives, cognitive
perspective, memory
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Environmental level ex: past and current physical/social environments
that we’re exposed to, sociocultural perspective, stimuli in the
environment
Mind-body Interactions: the relations between mental processes in
brain and functioning of other bodily systems
Mind-body dualism: belief that mind is a spiritual entity not subject to
psychical laws that govern the body
Monism: mind and body are one, mind is not seperate spiritual entity
Structuralism: analysis of mind in terms of its basic elements
Exposed to stimuli, then asked to describe experiences
Functionalism: study functions of consciousness rather than its
structure
Why do we have this? How do they help us adapt to environment?
Psychodynamic perspective: searches for causes of behavior within
inner workings of our personality, focusing on role of unconscious
processes
Sigmund Freud developed first and most controversial
psychodynamic theory
Psychoanalysis: analysis of internal and primarily unconscious
psychological forces
Behavioral perspective: focuses on role of external environment in
governing our actions
Cognitive behaviorism: learning experiences and environment affect
our behavior by giving us information we need to behave
Humanistic perspective: free will, personal growth and attempt to find
meaning in one’s life
Cognitive perspective: examines nature of mind and how mental
processes influence behavior
Cultural psychology: explores how culture is transmitted to its
members and psychological similarities/differences among people from
diverse cultures
Biological perspective: examines how brain processes and other bodily
functions regulate behavior
Behavioral neuroscience (also called physiological psychology):
examines brain processes and other physiological functions that
underlie our behavior, sensory experiences, emotions and thoughts
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version