Psychology 1000 Final: ch18

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Published on 17 Dec 2018
Department
Professor
ch16
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1.
A person alive during the Middle Ages most likely held which of the following views on abnormal
behaviour?
A.
Psychological disorders are caused by supernatural forces.
B.
Psychological disorders are caused by biological disorders.
C.
Psychological disorders are caused by stressful environments
D.
Psychological disorders are caused by physical and psychological vulnerabilities.
2.
The demonological perspective on abnormal behaviour assumes that psychological disorders are
caused by:
A.
distorted thinking.
B.
C.
dysfunctional environments.
D.
supernatural forces.
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3.
People who held the demonological perspective on psychological disorders would sometimes
treat abnormal behaviours by chiselling a small hole in the head of the individual in an attempt to
release the evil spirit trapped inside. This procedure was called:
A.
therapeutic chiselling.
B.
trephination.
C.
primitive psychological surgery.
D.
spirit elimination.
4.
The first historical demonstration of a psychological disorder with a clear biological cause was
____________.
A.
glove anesthesia
B.
agoraphobia
C.
general paresis
D.
insanity
5.
When looking at the historical evolution of attitudes towards psychological disorders, general
paresis is a disease with great significance because it:
A.
provided the first evidence of a psychological disorder with a biological cause.
B.
showed how psychological factors can produce actual physical abnormalities.
C.
provided the first evidence supporting the vulnerability-stress model
D.
demonstrated how psychological factors can create physical symptoms that have no
identifiable biological cause.
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6.
The first evidence that psychological disorders may be caused by a physiological disorder came
in the 1800s with the identification of a physical condition, resulted in bizarre behaviour called
_______________.
A.
trephination
B.
general paresis
C.
paranoia
D.
hysteria
7.
When treating a person with a psychological disorder, a therapist makes the assumption that the
person's difficulties stem in large part from his extreme and inappropriate use of defence
mechanisms such as repression. This therapist most likely identifies with the ___________
perspective of psychological disorders.
A.
cognitive
B.
behavioural
C.
sociocultural
D.
psychodynamic
8.
Maladaptive and self-defeating thought patterns are most central to the ____________ perspective
of psychological disorders.
A.
humanistic
B.
cognitive
C.
sociocultural
D.
behavioural
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