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Final

Psychology 1000 Final: ch14-1Exam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Study Guide
Final

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ch14
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1.
Two common observations that give rise to the concept of personality are:
A.
individuality and organization.
B.
individuality and consistency.
C.
organization and structure.
D.
consistency and identity.
2.
Bob stands up, raises his hands in the air, and yells at the top of his lungs. If you know that he is
doing this at a well-attended baseball game, you don't necessarily think that this information
provides you with much information about Bob's personality. However, if you are told that Bob
does this while waiting in line for groceries at the super market, this same behaviour has more
impact on your estimation of what kind of person Bob is. This second instance of Bob's behaviour
provides information that contributes significantly to inferences regarding personality and
demonstrates the contribution of ____________.
A.
B.
internalization
C.
self-efficacy
D.
individuality

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3.
Sally tends to be shy when she is in class, when she is with friends in her dorm, and also when
she is home with her family. This example best demonstrates one of the factors that shapes our
notions of personality called the concept of behavioural.
A.
B.
validity
C.
internalization
D.
individuality
4.
The distinctive and relatively consistent ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving that characterize
a person's responses to various life situations is defined as:
A.
self-efficacy
B.
internalization
C.
personality
D.
self-verification
5.
All of the following were mentioned as characteristics of the behaviours typically associated with
personality EXCEPT behaviours that are viewed as:
A.
components of identity.
B.
being primarily caused by unconscious factors.
C.
being primarily caused by internal factors.
D.
fitting together in an organized fashion.

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6.
Which of the following was mentioned as being a characteristic of a personality theory that is
useful for psychologists?
A.
A personality theory is useful if it has been proven to be true.
B.
A personality theory is useful if it focuses more on consistency than on individuality.
C.
A personality theory is useful if it appears to fit together in a meaningful fashion.
D.
A personality theory is useful if it stimulates the discovery of new knowledge.
7.
Of the standards below, there is one that is NOT used to evaluate the usefulness of a personality
theory:
A.
how well the theory provides a comprehensive framework in which known material can be
incorporated.
B.
if the theory allows the prediction of future events with some precision.
C.
if the theory generates data and results that apply generally to all people.
D.
how well the theory stimulates the discovery of new knowledge.
8.
Though his original theory of personality has been and continues to be criticized, Freud's ideas
served to inspire the work of other personality theorists who have made significant contributions
to the field. In this sense, Freud's theory could be considered "useful" because it:
A.
stimulated the discovery of new knowledge.
B.
suggested that personality is shaped by behaviours that appear to fit together.
C.
allowed researchers to predict future events with relative accuracy.
D.
provided a comprehensive framework to explain known facts.
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