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Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Crisis Management, Imaginary AudienceExam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Laura Lyn Fazakas Dehoog
Study Guide
Final

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Chapter 12
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1.
Some people believe that if a person has not learned a second language in childhood, learning a
second language as an adult, while possible, is a much more difficult task. This belief would
support a(n) _________ view of bilingualism.
A.
sensitive period
B.
critical period
C.
motivational
D.
innate
E.
2.
A researcher is interested in examining the development and effects of shyness. To do this, she
identifies a group of 100 shy children at age 10, and then follows them for the next 10 years,
checking in periodically to gather additional information. This design is best described as
A.
a cross-sectional design.
B.
a longitudinal design.
C.
a placebo design.
D.
a sequential design.
E.
a tracking design.

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3.
Which of the following statements regarding the sex of a child is true?
A.
the sex of a child is determined by the father's genetic contribution
B.
the sex of a child is determined by the mother's genetic contribution
C.
the sex of a child is determined by both the mother's and the father's genetic contributions
D.
the sex of a child is unrelated to the genetic contribution of either parent
E.
the sex of a child can be determined by either the mother's or the father's genetic contributions
4.
Which of the below statements about newborn visual preferences is NOT true?
A.
infants prefer patterned to non-patterned stimuli
B.
infants prefer their mother's face (perhaps based on hairline) to a stranger's face
C.
infants prefer simpler patterns to complex patterns
D.
infants prefer faces to simpler patterns
E.
infants prefer novel to familiar stimuli
5.
According to Jean Piaget, ___________ involves the process by which new experiences cause
existing schemas to change.
A.
conservation
B.
sensorimotor adaptation
C.
assimilation
D.
accommodation
E.
object permanence

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6.
Which of the following would be most characteristic of a child in the concrete operational stage if
you asked him/her to draw a map specifying the route to school?
A.
the child would be unable to do so
B.
the child would be unable to do so, but could physically lead you to the school
C.
the child would be unable to do so, but could give you verbal directions on how to get to the
school
D.
the child could draw a basic map of the usual route to school
E.
the child could draw a map outlining an unusual or creative way to school
7.
Which of the following is most characteristic of a child born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)?
A.
intellectual deficits, heart malformations, and deafness
B.
fussy temperament, low birth weight, and visual disturbances
C.
low birth weight, complications during delivery, and attentional deficits later in childhood
D.
small malformed brains, intellectual deficits, and impaired social skills
E.
facial abnormalities, irritability, and social unresponsiveness
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