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Quiz

Psychology 1000 Quiz: 252866200-Psych-Final-1xx3-Quiz-Part1Exam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Laura Fazakas
Study Guide
Quiz

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TEST 1: Development 1 & 2
Question 1
1 / 1 point
Which of the following best exemplifies dishabituation?
A)
The return of heart rate to a resting level, such as 70 beats per minute, following the presentation of a novel stimulus.
B)
The dramatic increase of heart rate to an excited level, such as 120 beats per minute, following prolonged exposure to a
stimulus.
C)
The return of heart rate to a resting level, such as 70 beats per minute, following prolonged exposure to a stimulus.
D)
The dramatic increase of heart rate to an excited level, such as 120 beats per minute, following the presentation of a
novel stimulus.
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Question 2
0 / 1 point
Sally wants to conduct an experiment that tests whether infants can tell the difference between their mother's voice and another
female voice. Which of the following methods would be most likely for Sally to use?
A)
ERP
B)
Preference Method
C)
Habituation Method
D)
High-Amplitude Sucking Method
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Question 3
1 / 1 point
How does the competence-performance distinction affect research conducted on infants and which gene/environment correlation is
most influential at this age?
A)
Infants may fail a task because they lack the physical ability to perform the task; Active correlation.
B)
Infants may fail a task because they have overprotective parents who will not let them perform the experiment; Passive
correlation.

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C)
Infants may fail a task because they do not have the cognitive abilities to complete the task; Evocative correlation.
D)
Infants may fail a task because they are unable to demonstrate that they have the cognitive abilities to complete a task;
Passive correlation.
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Question 4
1 / 1 point
As a child, Iman's parents bought him many books on planets and took him on trips to museums and observatories. As an adult,
Iman is a well renowned expert on astronomy and has obtained his PhD in the subject. Which of the following best explains this
phenomenon?
A)
Active genotype-environment correlation
B)
Passive genotype-environment correlation
C)
Implicit genotype-environment correlation
D)
Evocative genotype-environment correlation
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Question 5
1 / 1 point
Which of the following statements most accurately describes monozygotic and dizygotic twins?
A)
Monozygotic twins have exactly the same genotype and phenotype, whereas dizygotic twins do not.
B)
Dizygotic twins are less similar genetically than monozygotic twins, but more similar genetically than regular siblings.
C)
Monozygotic twins begin as the same zygote, whereas dizygotic twins begin as two separate zygotes.
D)
Monozygotic twins have exactly the same chromosomes and genes, whereas dizygotic twins have exactly the same
genes but different chromosomes.
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Question 6
1 / 1 point
Sheena's parents both have very large ears and are curious about what type of ears Sheena will develop. If we assume ear size is a
dominant trait, and contributed solely by a single gene pair, how might Sheena's genotype influence the size of her ears?

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A)
If Sheena's mother is homozygous dominant and Sheena's father is heterozygous, Sheena will definitely have large ears.
B)
Because Sheena's genotype establishes a range of possible phenotypes and both her parents have large ears, she will
have above average ear size with the extent depending on the diet and other environmental factors her parents expose
her to.
C)
Since both of her parents have large ears, they must both be homozygous for this dominant trait, meaning Sheena will
also be homozygous dominant and will one day have large ears.
D)
If Sheena's parents are both heterozygous for ear size, she has a 1 in 2 chance of having equally as large ears as her
parents, but only a 1 in 4 chance of having even larger ears than her parents.
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Question 7
1 / 1 point
A pointy nose is the dominant trait, and a round nose is the recessive trait. Philip's parents both have round noses, and Kim's parents
are both heterozygous with pointy noses. What is the probability that Philip and Kim's children will have a round nose if Kim herself
has a round nose?
A)
50%
B)
100%
C)
25%
D)
75%
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DevText
Question 8
1 / 1 point
Which of the following statements regarding development is most correct?
A)
Around the 12th postnatal month, we begin to lose many of the synapses we are born with.
B)
If typical neural development relies on experience, it is said to be experience-expectant.
C)
Early cataract removal alone is enough to prevent long-term amblyopia.
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