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Psychology 1000 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Cognitive Dissonance, Social Exchange Theory, Generalized Anxiety DisorderExam

Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Laura Fazakas
Study Guide

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Name: Marie Denison Date: 12/01/2014
1. Mental health workers label behavior as disordered when it
A. is aggressive, persistent, and intentional.
B. is selfish, habitual, and avoidable.
C. represents a significant dysfunction in a person's cognitions, emotions, or behaviors.
D. is biologically influenced, unconsciously motivated, and difficult to change.
2. The DSM-5 is most clearly designed to ________ psychological disorders.
A. explain
B. classify
C. cure
D. prevent
3. A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by
A. offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person.
B. a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal.
C. hyperactive, wildly optimistic states of emotion.
D. alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.
4. Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes?
A. scapegoat theory
B. cognitive dissonance theory
C. social exchange theory
D. the two-factor theory

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5. Adjusting one's behavior or thinking toward a group standard is called
A. the reciprocity norm.
B. peripheral route persuasion.
C. social loafing.
D. conformity.
6. Normative social influence results from peoples' desire to
A. clarify reality.
B. maintain personal control.
C. gain social approval.
D. demonstrate self-restraint.
7. Participants in the Milgram obedience studies were ordered to
A. play the role of the prison guards.
B. write an essay supporting a position they didn't believe in.
C. deliver electric shocks to a learner for giving incorrect answers.
D. participate in a team tug-of-war by pulling on a rope as hard as they could.
8. According to Milgram, the most fundamental lesson to be learned from his study of
obedience is that
A. people are naturally predisposed to be hostile and aggressive.
B. even ordinary people, who are not usually hostile, can become agents of destruction.
C. the desire to be accepted by others is one of the strongest human motives.
D. people value their freedom and react negatively when they feel they are being coerced to
do something.
9. Social facilitation refers to the tendency to
A. neglect critical thinking because of a strong desire for social harmony within a group.
B. perform well-learned tasks more effectively in the presence of others.
C. lose self-restraint in group situations that foster anonymity.
D. comply with a large request if one has previously complied with a small request.
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