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Midterm

Psychology 1000 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Institutional Review Board, Stress Management, Motor SkillExam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Laura Fazakas
Study Guide
Midterm

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QUIZ #1: What is Psychology
Question 1
Naturalistic observations are predominantly used to achieve
the goals of
Selected Answer:
description and prediction.
Question 2
Which of the following represents the correct association
between theorist and theory?
Selected Answer:
Watson and behaviorism
Question 3
A case study involving a person with 53 different
personalities, although valuable in some ways, would carry
the disadvantage of not being
Selected Answer:
generalizable.
Question 4
Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the
relationship between educational gains in psychology and
career progress for women in psychology?
Women are more likely to be promoted
to the rank of full professor than men.
Question 5
Most psychologists take an eclectic approach in terms of
the perspectives of psychology they use to explain behavior
and mental processes. This means that they
Selected Answer:
integrate several perspectives.
Question 6
Which of the following is NOT a myth that is commonly
held about psychology?
Selected
Answer:
Psychological theories cannot be used to
explain the particular behaviors of all
people.
Question 7
Which of the following is a causal hypothesis?
Selected
Answer:
The amount of alcohol consumed will
influence the ability to walk a straight
line.
Question 8
Dr. Haupt has discovered that often, abusive parents had
parents who used harsh physical punishment on
them. Having discovered this will most likely allow Dr.
Haupt to fulfill which goal of psychology?
Selected Answer:
predicting behavior
Question 9
Herb is a psychologist who works for a major food
manufacturer. Herb helps the company by studying factors
of the work environment, employees, and management that
enhance or detract from productivity. Herb is most likely
a(n) ________________ psychologist.
Selected Answer:
industrial/organizational
Question 10
Which of the following psychologists is most likely a
therapist?
Selected Answer:
a counseling psychologist
Question 11
Jermaine is a psychologist who works at a major urban
hospital to develop stress management plans for people
who have recently had open-heart surgery. Jermaine is
most likely a _____________ psychologist.
Selected Answer:
health
Question 12
Dr. Moosbichler is a psychologist who believes that the best w
understand the mind is to look at how specific mental processes a
behaviors help an organism live in and adapt to its
environment. Dr. Moosbichler’s point of view is most compatible
with the approach to psychology known as
Selected Answer:
functionalism.
Question 13
The process of analyzing and evaluating information and
applying it to other situations is known as
Selected Answer:
critical thinking.
Question 14
The hypothesis, Having an efficient digestive system will
lead to obesity in rats,” is an example of a(n) ___________
hypothesis.
Selected Answer:
causal
Question 15
Lamont is a researcher at a university, who wants to do a
study to determine if alcohol use predicts motor skill
performance in college students. Before conducting this
study, Lamont will have his study approved by the
Selected
Answer:
institutional review board at his
school.
Question 16
Which of the following is an important disadvantage of
experiments?
Selected
Some experiments cannot be conducted

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Answer:
because to do so would be unethical.
Question 17
When Dr. Ikeda conducted an experiment on the effect of
physical beauty on being hired for a job, he had both
attractive and unattractive individuals apply for the same
job. However, he failed to control for the possibility that
the attractive applicants had better resumes. In this case,
the quality of the resumes would be a(n)
Selected Answer:
confounding variable.
Question 18
Similar to Wilhelm Wundt, if you were to use a self-
observation technique to analyze the basic elements of your
thought processes, you would most likely be using a
method called
Selected Answer:
introspection.
Question 19
Among the following, Freuds ideas have most strongly
influenced current Western
Selected Answer:
media, humor, and art.
Question 20
Psychology is defined as the
Selected
Answer:
scientific study of behavior and mental
processes.
Question 21
Dr. Tran believes that the key to understanding human
behavior is in understanding the unconscious conflicts that
motivate us. Dr. Tran’s point of view is most compatible
with the approach to psychology known as
Selected Answer:
psychoanalytic theory.
Question 22
Two well-known humanists are
Selected Answer:
Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow.
Question 23
To minimize reactivity, researchers conducting naturalistic
observations may
Selected
Answer:
observe from a discrete distance
through a video feed.
Question 24
The social movements in the U.S. in the 1960s and the rise
of humanism at the same time in psychology were similar
in their
Selected
Answer:
emphasis on freedom of choice and
self-determination.
Question 25
If Wilhelm Wundt were alive today, he would most likely
be considered a
Selected Answer:
cognitive psychologist.
Question 26
A research study done through surveys showing that
psychology faculty at 4-year colleges are more likely to be
male than female would be an example of a(n)
Selected Answer:
correlational study.
Question 27
A therapist who sometimes uses a cognitive approach with
clients who are depressed and a behavioral approach with
those who have phobias would be most appropriately
described as
Selected Answer:
eclectic.
Question 28
Behaviorism emphasizes the study of
Selected Answer:
observable actions.
Question 29
Dr. Masood is conducting an experiment in which she is
testing the effect of video game playing on the ability to
think creatively. One group of children plays video games
two hours a day for a week, another group of similar
children plays video games for a total of two hours in a
week, and a third group of children do not play video
games at all. All three groups of children then take a test
measuring their creativity. The hypothesis that Dr. Masood
is testing is a ______ hypothesis.
Selected Answer:
causal
Question 30
Dr. Rea is a psychologist who is about to conduct a study
using human participants. The first thing Dr. Rea should
have his participants do when they arrive at the lab is
Selected
Answer:
read and sign an informed consent
form.
QUIZ #2: Biology’s Influence on Behavior
Question 1
The structure in the brain that plays the biggest role in
physiological motivation is the
Question 2
Which of the following includes the sympathetic nervous
system?
Selected Answer:
the autonomic nervous system
Question 3

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Question 4
If you are currently taking a drug that affects your behavior,
most likely it is affecting the
Selected
Answer:
activity occurring within your
ynapses.
Question 5
Due to untreated high blood pressure, Namir suffered a
small stroke. While in rehab, his occupational therapist
asked if he wanted to go to the supermarketbut, Namir
heard Do usent gothe markest else some?” Where might
Namirs brain injury be located?
Selected Answer:
Wernicke’s area
Question 6
Question 7
You are a neurosurgeon performing surgery on a 50-year-
old man. When you insert an electrode into the axon of one
of his neurons while it is not receiving or sending
information, what voltage should you record with your
instruments?
Selected Answer:
-70mv
Question 8
The medulla is responsible for
Selected Answer:
heartbeat and respiration.
Question 9
Once an action potential reaches the end of the axon, how
does the information usually get to the next neuron?
Selected
Answer:
Vesicles at the end of the axon release
neurotransmitters which float across the
synaptic cleft tothe next neuron.
Question 10
A person with schizophrenia who takes a drug that
increases brain levels of dopamine will likely
Selected Answer:
experience increased symptoms.
Question 13
If you were to inject sodium (Na+) into a neuron in a rat’s
brain, what effect would it have on the neuron?
Selected
Answer:
It would make the neuron more likely to
fire an action potential.
Question 12
Endorphins
Selected
Answer:
are a type of neurotransmitter that block
pain messages.
Question 13
Those who are prescribed Prozac are presumed to have
___________________ in their brain.
Selected Answer:
low levels of serotonin
Question 14
If your teacher required you to learn the names and
functions of all the neurotransmitters that researchers have
identified, you would have to learn about ___________
neurotransmitters.
Selected Answer:
more than 60
Question 15
After cheering wildly at an exciting football game your
body may begin to relax on the way home. This relaxation
reflects activity of the ___________________ nervous
system.
Selected Answer:
parasympathetic
Question 16
Blood sugar levels in the body are regulated by which part
of the endocrine system?
Selected Answer:
pancreas
Question 17
Carmela was in a skiing accident and she broke her leg.
Which of the following neurotransmitters would help her
deal with the immediate pain of this injury?
Selected Answer:
endorphins
Question 18
If you wanted to track which neurons in the brain were
active at a given moment you would need to do a(n)
Selected Answer:
fMRI.
Question 19
The nervous system is to _________________, as the
endocrine system is to ___________.
Selected Answer:
fast acting; slow acting
Question 20
An action potential is a
Selected Answer:
neural impulse.
Question 21
When looking at a CAT scan with your doctor she points
out the organs of the limbic system. Which of the
following would be pointed out to you?
Selected Answer:
the amygdala
Question 22
Michael Gazzaniga’s split-brain patients
Selected
Answer:
were unable to name objects they saw
in their left visual field.
Axons on neurons in the brain are typically
Selected
Answer:
shorter than those in the peripheral nervous
system.
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