Psychology 1000 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Aerobic Exercise, Aversion Therapy, Motivational Interviewing

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Psychology Exam Review: Test 4
Chapter 15
Abstinence violation effect: A reaction that can occur when substance misusers fail to remain abstinent
and view the lapse as proof that they will never be strong enough to resist temptation; may result in a
total relapse
Aerobic exercise: Sustained activity that elevates the heart rate and body’s need for oxygen
Coping self-efficacy: Beliefs relating to our ability to deal effectively with a stressful stimulus or
stimulation, including pain
Cortisol: A hormone produced during a period of stress that triggers an increase in blood sugars, which
is then provided to the skeletal muscles along with additional oxygen; also suppresses the immune
Emotion-focused coping: Coping strategies directed at minimizing or reducing emotional responses to a
General adaption syndrome: Selye’s descriptionof the body’s responses to a stressor, which includes
successive phases of alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion
Hardiness: A stress-resistant personality pattern that involves the factors of commitment, control, and
Harm reduction: A prevention strategy that is designed not to eliminate a problem behaviour but to
reduce its harmful consequences
Health-compromising behaviours: Behaviours, such as poor dietary habits and unprotected sexual
activity, that impair health and reduce longevity
Health-enhancing behaviours: Behaviours, such as exercise and good dietary habits, that support and
increase health and longevity
Health psychology: The study of psychological and behavioural factors in the prevention and treatment
of illness and in the maintenance of health
Lapse: A one-time return to an undesirable behaviour pattern, usually in a high-risk situation
Life event scales: Questionnaires that measure the number (and, sometimes, the intensity) of positive
and negative life events that have occurred over a specific period of time
Motivational interviewing: A treatment approach that avoids confrontation and leads clients to their
own realization of a problem and to increased motivation to change
Multimodal treatments: Substance abuse interventions that combine a number of treatments, such as
aversion therapy and coping skills training
Neuroticism: A personality trait that involves the tendency to experience high levels of negative affect
and to behave in self-defeating ways
Physiological toughness: Relations between two classes of hormones secreted by the adrenal glands in
the face of stress
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD):
Primary appraisal:
Problem-focused coping:
Protective factors:
Rape trauma syndrome:
Secondary appraisal:
Seeking social support:
Transtheoretical model:
Type A personality:
Type B personality:
Vulnerability factors:
Yo-yo dieting:
Chapter 16
Abnormal behaviour:
Alzheimer’s disease:
Anorexia nervosa:
Antisocial personality disorder:
Anxiety disorder:
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD):
Autistic disorder:
Bipolar disorder:
Borderline personality disorder (BPD):
Bulimia nervosa:
Catatonic schizophrenia:
Competency (legal):
Conversion disorder:
Culture-bound disorders:
Depressive attributional pattern:
Depressive cognitive triad:
Disorganized schizophrenia:
Dissociative disorders:
Dissociative identity disorder (DID):
Dopamine hypothesis:
Expressed emotion:
Generalized anxiety disorder: