Psychology 2020A/B Study Guide - Jolt Cola, Kola Nut, Shennong

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CAFFEINE
- Most common psychoacve drugs : up to 80% of world populaon
- Daily consumpon: World(70mg) Canada (210mg), US (240mg), Sweden (425mg), UK(450mg)
- Tea: 50mg per cup, Coee: 100mg per cup (vary in order to how its made and type of bean)
Molecules:
- Caeine: 1,3,7 methylxanthine (occur in over 60 species of plant)
- Theophylline and Theobromine: dimethylxanthines (similar to caeine)
- Xanthine: protects plants, in increasing the producon of NT: octopamine -> insects: over
excitaon and death/ Caeine is only the xanthine found in coee.
- Octopamine: ecofriendly pescides
- Methylxanthine: coee, tea, yerba mate (used like tea), guarana (used like coee but twice
amount of caeine), kola nut, cacao
History:
- First caeine smulaon: china 2737 B.C: emperor Shen Nung => boiled water (clean) leaf
feel into the cup => tea (apparently he also discovered marijuana and ephedrine) but
migrated in 1500 to Europe (seduced Brish and Russian (samovars=large urns of tea))
- Opium wars of the mid 1800’s: Brish forced Chinese to accept opium in payment for tea.
- Canada: rst imported tea around 1716 (Hudson’s bay company)
- Tea: caeine + theophylline (also a smulant)
- A goat herder found the berries of the coee.
- Religious tried to prohibit the coee (same eect of the alcohol): Murad IV and King Charles II
- Coee introduced to Europe by the Oomans (trade)
- Penny universies: coeehouses (intellectual atmosphere of universies but cheaper)
- Caeine isolated from coee in 1820 and tea in 1827
Others sources:
- Cola drinks: Canadians drank 85 liters per year in 2006 (1 can per day)/ US: 216 liters per year
(around 3 cans every day)
- Need to add almost 95% of caeine to the cola: kola nut: not enough so come from the
caeine removed in the decaeinang of coee.
- Typical can of cola: 40mg of caeine, dew: 55, Pepsi: 40, Coke: 35, 7Up: 0
- Energy drinks: caeine derived from guarana, increasing energy and mental alertness
o Red bull: 80
o Jolt: 280
o Bawls: 70
o Full throle: 150
- Energy drinks: contains taurine and caeine and smulate cognive performance and well
being
- Energy drinks: associated with higher level of alcohol consumpon in UNI students (but not a
causal link, just suggest, maybe just because consumers are more prone to use over drugs)
- Study: grade 7 to 12,use energy drinks, grade 7: 34% => grade 12: 58%
Pills:
- Pure caeine is sold as ansleep pills
o No doz and Vivarin (enough dose in a bole to be fatal!)
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Document Summary

Most common psychoactive drugs : up to 80% of world population. Daily consumption: world(70mg) canada (210mg), us (240mg), sweden (425mg), uk(450mg) Tea: 50mg per cup, coffee: 100mg per cup (vary in order to how it"s made and type of bean) Caffeine: 1,3,7 methylxanthine (occur in over 60 species of plant) Xanthine: protects plants, in increasing the production of nt: octopamine -> insects: over excitation and death/ caffeine is only the xanthine found in coffee. Methylxanthine: coffee, tea, yerba mate (used like tea), guarana (used like coffee but twice amount of caffeine), kola nut, cacao. Opium wars of the mid 1800"s: british forced chinese to accept opium in payment for tea. Canada: first imported tea around 1716 (hudson"s bay company) A goat herder found the berries of the coffee. Religious tried to prohibit the coffee (same effect of the alcohol): murad iv and king charles ii. Coffee introduced to europe by the ottomans (trade)

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