Understanding yourself and others chapter 1: introduction to psychology of adjustment. What is the psychology of adjustment : describe the two key facets of psychology, explain the concept of adjustment. Psychology: the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems, the science that studies behaviour and the physiological and mental processes that underlie it. Adjustment: the psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Empiricism: the premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation: conclusions from psychological research are based on careful, systemic observation rather than speculation or. Some research might confirm our intuitions : however, some common sense contradicts other common sense. Hindsight bias: tendency to exaggerate one"s ability to have foreseen how something turned out. Empiricism: psychologists conduct research to test their ideas. This process an take anywhere from 1-5 years.