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Midterm

Psychology 2040A/B Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Behaviorism, Metacognition, Frontal LobeExam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2040A/B
Professor
Laura Reid
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 54 pages of the document.
CHAPTER 7
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT: AN INFORMATION-PROCESSING PERSPECTIVE
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1) A central goal of the information-processing approach is to
A) uncover mechanisms of change.
B) develop applications for classroom learning.
C) describe the normative course of cognitive development.
D) refine and revise Piagets theory.
Answer: A
Page Ref: 277
Skill: Remember
Objective: 7.1
2) The information-processing approach focuses mainly on
A) genetic contributions to intellectual development.
B) core domains of thought.
C) the encoding, recording, and decoding of information.
D) how schemes change with age.
Answer: C
Page Ref: 278
Skill: Understand
Objective: 7.1
3) As an information-processing researcher, Tim finds diagrams and flowcharts useful for
A) recording stimulusresponse associations.
B) mapping the exact series of steps children and adults follow when faced with a task or problem.
C) documenting the role of reinforcement in cognitive development.
D) building computers with humanlike circuitry.
Answer: B
Page Ref: 278

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Skill: Apply
Objective: 7.1
4) The store model of information processing focuses on __________ as information flows __________.
A) general units of cognitive functioning; sequentially
B) mechanisms of cognitive change; arithmetically
C) Piagets stages; in an evolutionary manner
D) the evolutionary perspective; sequentially
Answer: A
Page Ref: 278
Skill: Remember
Objective: 7.1

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

5) In the store model of the information-processing system, we use mental strategies to
A) direct the flow by coordinating information coming from the environment with information already in the
system.
B) refer to networks of concepts and relations that permit us to think about a wide range of situations in more
advanced ways.
C) prevent internal and external distracting stimuli from capturing our attention and cluttering working memory
with irrelevant information.
D) operate on and transform information, increasing the chances that we will retain it, use it efficiently, and think
flexibly.
Answer: D
Page Ref: 278
Skill: Understand
Objective: 7.1
6) In the store model, input in the information-processing system
A) enters the sensory register and is stored momentarily.
B) simply flows on its own through the various stores.
C) is automatically transferred into long-term memory.
D) enters the sensory register and is stored for days or weeks.
Answer: A
Page Ref: 278
Skill: Remember
Objective: 7.1
7) Which of the following statements is true regarding working memory?
A) Working memory is the conscious, reflective part of our mental system.
B) The capacity of working memory is far more restricted than that of the sensory register.
C) Most school-age children can hold 10 to 12 items in their working memory.
D) The capacity of working memory is far greater than that of the long-term memory store.
Answer: B
Page Ref: 279
Skill: Understand
Objective: 7.1
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