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Psychology 2070A/B Midterm chap 1 3 4 6 7.docx

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Western University
Psychology 2070A/B
James M Olson

2070 Midterm chap 1 3 4 6 7 10142012 33100 PM Social Psychology Scientific study of how individuals thoughts feelings and behaviors are influenced by other people 1 Influenced by other people how other people affect us2 Thoughts feelings and behaviorsinclude cognitions feelings and behaviors 3 Individuals Perspective Social Construal how they construeperceiveinterpret the situation4 Scientific StudyStudy showed that when a poster board of attractive models was presented people rated themselves less attractive and less competentMob aggression can be explained by anonymity Deinviduation has been used to explain the feeling that people feel unaccountable for their actions when in a large group The larger the mob the bigger the breakdown of normal inhibitory selfcontrol and the more the savage the mob attacksSocial Psychology is not common sense Why intuitions are wrong 1 common sense often allows competing predictions 2 intuitions are not always right valid 3 folk wisdom is often vague and simplistic Hindsight bias The tendency to think that a known outcome was obviousBottom line is that Social Psychology is relevantPersonality PsychologyThe area most closely related to social psychology Focuses on dispositions which are consistencies in thought or action that characterize and individual across time and settings that make him or her different from other people how individuals are affected by other peopleDevelopment Psychologystudy of agerelated changes in human abilities and behaviors ranging from childhood to the end of the life spanmost study childrenalso study cognitive developmentCognitive Psychologystudy how the human mind works including memory information processing consciousness and decision making overlaps substantially with social cognitionthe study of how information about people is processed and storedClinical and Counseling Psychologystudy of people who are having difficulty coping with lifes demands Also called abnormal psychology people who are suffering from some kind of psychological or emotional problem include loneliness shyness relationship dissDisciplines related to Social PsychologySociology the discipline most closely related to social psychology Studies how social and cultural forces influence behavior focus on groups in contrast to social psychology which focuses on the individual Sociologists study existing groups while social psychologists try to manipulate factors in experimentsAnthropologyThe study of the past and present cultures particularly how cultural features influence behaviorArchaeology is a branch of anthropology which involves the investigation of past cultures through their physical remainsPolitical ScienceThe study of methods of government including the principles and operations of political institutionsHybrid sub discipline known as political psychology where social psychologists work with political scientists to help understand human political behavior Social psychology first founded in 1950s after world war IIPlato considered the father of western philosophy suggested that people experience the world in 3 distinct ways 1 In Thought 2 In Emotion 3 In ActionAristotle Platos student argued forcefully that living a good life and achieving personal happiness are both dependent on providing benefits to other people in ADDITION to the self argued that connections with others form an essential part of who we really areSocial Norms perceived rules or guidelines about what behaviors are acceptable and unacceptableSocial Contract Philosophy refers to the idea that to survive and prosper human groups had to develop some basic rules of social and moral conduct an absence of rules would have led to societal breakdownPhilosophy and social psychology involve the concept of identity and are interested in the issues related to how people see themselvesTriplett earliest publication in social psychology presence of audience improves individuals performances the first published social psychology experiment
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