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Psych Final Exam Review 2.pdf

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Western University
Psychology 2070A/B
Kelly Olson

Psych 2070A Final Exam Review Questions Part 2 1. A study by Griskevicius and colleagues (2009) activated no goal, a status goal, or a mating goal in male participants. Participants were then instructed to imagine how they would respond to someone spilling on a drink on them while being watched by a male or female audience. Which of the following observations was made in this study? (a) A status goal made aggression less likely in both audience conditions (b) A status goal made aggression more likely only if a male audience was watching (c) A status goal made aggression more likely only if a female audience was watching (d) A mating goal made aggression less likely in both audience conditions (e) A mating goal made aggression less likely only if a female audience was watching 2. Richard drops off several cans of soup and boxes of dried goods at the local supermarket during a food drive. The next day, he passes a homeless man on the street panhandling for change and Richard pretends not to notice him and just keeps walking. Research on moral _______ can explain Richard’s behaviour. (a) License (b) Credentials (c) Hydraulics (d) Reserves (e) Elevation 3. _______ influence resulted in the conformity observed in Sherif’s autokinetic effect studies; _______ influence resulted in the conformity observed in Asch’s length judgment studies. (a) Informational; normative (b) Normative; informational (c) Normative; normative (d) Normative; informational and normative (e) Informational and normative; normative 4. Michelle yearns to one day be a yoga instructor. Her partner, Steve, often drives her to yoga training and offers her plenty of encouragement and positive feedback when she practices at home. Which of the following relationship maintenance mechanisms is best illustrated by this example? (a) Positive illusions (b) Michelangelo phenomenon (c) Relationship superiority bias (d) Unrealistic optimism (e) Downward-facing dog 5. The tendency for the presence of others to improve performance on simple tasks and to impair performance on complex tasks is referred to as: (a) Deindividuation (b) Social loafing (c) Social facilitation (d) Groupthink (e) Group polarization 6. Which stage(s) of the decision tree for emergency helping is/are influenced by a mugging victim pointing to a bystander and yelling to her “you ma’am, in the floral sundress, I was stabbed in the shoulder, call an ambulance!”? (a) Interpreting the event as an emergency (b) Accepting personal responsibility to help (c) Deciding how to help (d) Implementing the help (e) All of the above 7. Livia heads to the mall on a Saturday afternoon to purchase a pair of designer boots she’s had her eye on. She notices the store has a pair on display and asks the salesperson to try on a size seven. The salesperson informs Livia that the store is out of stock of this particular boot, but that she will check the stockroom, just to make sure. Lo and behold, five minutes later, the salesperson returns to inform Livia that they do indeed have the boots in a size seven after all! The shoe store has used which of the following principles of compliance? (a) Liking (b) Scarcity (c) Social validation (d) Reciprocity (e) Authority 8. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the association between exposure to violent media and aggression? (a) The aggressive behaviour of individuals predisposed to aggression is facilitated even further following exposure to violent television (b) Exposure to violent television influences only children raised in the American south (c) Exposure to violent television increases aggressive tendencies, but playing violent video games decreases aggressive tendencies (d) There is no experimental evidence that exposure to violent television leads to aggression (e) People who identify strongly with aggressive television characters experience catharsis and are thus less likely to be aggressive themselves 9. Factories W, X, Y, and Z mutually agree to place a limit on the amount of pollution they add to the environment. But Factory W individually decides to exceed that limit just a tiny bit to increase their production, figuring the added harm to the environment is negligible. Factories, X, Y, and Z all individually do the same thing, however, using the same logic as Factory W. The net result is that very damaging levels of pollution are added to the environment. This example illustrates which
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