Psychology 2075 Study Guide - Bsc Young Boys, Masturbation, Orgasm

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Sexuality and the Life Cycle 1/30/2013 10:35:00 AM
Chapter 10
Infancy: 0-2 Years
Before 1890, it was thought that sexuality was something that
magically appeared at puberty
Sigmund Freud discovered that infants have sexual urges and
engage in sexual activities
Male infants get erections and vaginal lubricants have been found in
females
Self-stimulation infants can be found to be absentmindedly
engaging in pleasurable self-stimulation
Infant-infant sexual intercourse infants may hug, pat, stroke or
gaze at each other, behaviours that are part of erotic intimacy later
in life
Non-genital sexual experiences sensuous experiences can include
being cuddled or rocked
Attachment a psychological bond that forms between an infant
and the mother, father or caregiver
Knowing about boy-girl differences by age 2 or 3, children know
what gender they are (the first step in gender identity)
Early Childhood: 3-7 Years
Marked increase in sexual interest and activity
Masturbation a large percentage of young boys and girls have
touched their genitals with their hands at this age
o Children learn in this stage that masturbation is something
one does in private
Mixed sex behaviour by 4 or 5, a child’s sexuality has become
more social
o Boys and girls may hug or hold hands
o Seeing the opposite sex’s genitals
Same se behaviour
o A normal part of sexual development
Preadolescence: 8-12 Years
Latency how Freud described the stage of moving into puberty
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Around 9 or 10, the first bodily changes of puberty take place
formation of breasts and pubic hair
10 was the average age of first sexual attraction to someone
Masturbation
o Boys generally start masturbating earlier than girls
o Girls more frequently learn about masturbation through
accidental self-discovery
Mixed sex behaviour
o Generally little sexual behaviour with the other gender during
this period because of the social division of genders
Same sex behaviours a normal part of sexual development
o Gender-segregated social organization a general form of
social grouping in which males stick with males, and females
with females
Dating and romantic relationships
o Around 10 or 11, children start spending time in mixed
gender groups
o At age 13, boys and girls have said they have a boyfriend or
girlfriend many of these relationships were short lived
Sexualization of children
o Occurs when a person is only valued for sex appeal, is
sexually objectified or sexuality is inappropriately imposed
upon a person
Adolescence: 13-19 Years
A surge of sexual interest occurs around puberty and continues
through adolescence
Testosterone levels had a very strong relationship to sexual activity
for boys and girls (although it was stronger in boys)
Masturbation
o According to Kinsey, there is a sharp increase in masturbation
in boys between the ages of 13 and 15
o Attitudes towards masturbation
From a book written in 1913 called What a Boy Should
Know, masturbation was believed to cause everything
from warts to insanity
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