[Psychology 2075] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 229 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 6 Feb 2017
Department
Western
Psychology 2075
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Sexuality Education
- has been much sex education throughout the past, but the authority has been religion
- mostly anti-pleasure, scared of reproduction, anyone who touches a menstruating women is unclean,
big mystery around sex
Sex Education and Medical Authority
- 94 from Ten Sex Talks for Girls for girls: masturbation if indulged in to excess will cause a
breakdown of the nervous system and cause you to end your days in a madhouse or send you to an early
grave… over all, in this case, ignorance is better than knowledge
- Bot Scouts Handbook (1911) merging of religion and science any habit that causes a boy to lose
[semen] tends to weaken his strength, and to make him less able to resist disease and fastens upon him
habits..
Sex Education Fights Venereal Disease: Social Hygiene Movement World War I
- big problem was troops going abroad, sleeping with sex workers, and coming back with venereal
disease
- was always the womans fault Victory not VD, Booby trap syphilis and gonorrhea
- 1914: American social hygiene association was formed
- 1959: name changed to American social health association
- not until 2013 that the name was termed: American sexual health association which now helps to fight
venereal diseases
- bad that up until only  years ago these services didn’t want to identify as sexual health
agencies
Sex Education and Public Education
- impetus for sex education in the schools in the 9’s:
- state-sponsored mandatory public school education
- broad enrollment of large numbers of post-pubescent male and female students
Sex Education in the Schools
- impetus for sex education in the schools from ~ 1960s to the present:
- teen pregnancy people were very concerned about the population explosion
- children having children huge push to do something on a sex education front and safe
sex
- HIV/AIDS prevention
- promoted delayed marriage and childbearing
- two factors contributing to teen pregnancy
- economic status of the mother
- very aggressive punishment towards teen mothers: kicked out of school, not supported by family
Sexuality Education Goals
- suppression of sexual expression
- may be religious advice marry so you don’t burn with passion
- abstinence = primary goal of sex education
- control of sexual expression
- elements that emphasize consent
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- directions of sexual expression:
- moral direction
- avoid negative outcomes
- achieve positive outcomes
Moral Direction abstinence is key remain abstinent until marriage (from video)
Avoid Negative Outcomes birth control methods, emergency contraception
Achieve Positive Outcomes youtube video: Learning how to masturbate
Ideologies of Sexuality Education
- Restrictive Ideology
- primary assertion:
- there is no place for sex education in the schools
- Primary worry:
- talking about sex will excite imagination and provoke sexual behaviour
- Primary current activity:
- dictating content of sex education
- Primary focus:
- suppression, control, moral direction, avoid negative outcomes
Goals: Suppression and )gnorance innocence
- innocence being some sort of blessed state
- Opponents formerly argued that schools had no role in sexuality education and it was the duty of the
parents and religious groups
- the new strategy is for opponents of comprehensive sexuality education to define themselves as being in
favour of sexuality education so long as the curriculum emphasizes abstinence only or the just say no
approach
William Jefferson Clinton;s 1996 Welfare Reform Act: $50 Million Annual Fnding for Abstinence-only
Sexuality Education
- abstinence only
- a mutually monogamous relationship in the context of marriage is the expected standard of
human sexual activity
- sexual activity outside the context of marriage is likely to have harmful psychological effects
Religious Restrictive Sex Education in Canada
- you don’t have sex with people you have respect for – ie, if you have sex with someone, youre not
respecting them
- Abstinence-only education and teen pregnancy rates: is this working??
- seems to show abstinence-only education a person has no effect on teen pregnancy rates and in fact
may be contributing to high teen pregnancy rates
- classical conditioning of negative emotions with sexual behaviour whats the likelihood that )’m going
to plan to sin ie, stop and buy condoms before ) sin
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