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Psychology 2075 Study Guide - Final Guide: Beck, Attachment Theory, Baby Talk

Course Code
PSYCH 2075
William Fisher
Study Guide

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Psychology 2075 Article: A Brief Overview of Adult Attachment Theory and Research
The same motivational system that gives rise to the close emotional bond between
parents and their children is responsible for the bond that develops between adults in
emotionally intimate relationships
Individual Differences in Infant Attachment Patterns
Secure: become upset when the parent leaves the room, but when they return, they
actively seek the parent and are easily comforted by him or her
Anxious-resistant: ill-at-ease initially, and upon separation, becomes extremely
distressed; these children have a difficult time being soothed
Aoidat: do’t appear too distressed  the separatio, ad upo reuio, atiel
avoid seeking contact with their parent
Adult Romantic Relationships
The relationship between infants and caregivers and the relationship between adult
romantic partners share the following features:
o Both feel safe when the other is nearby and responsive
o Both engage in close, intimate, bodily contact
o Both feel insecure when the other is inaccessible
o Both share discoveries with one another
o Both pla ith oe aother’s faial features ad ehiit a utual fasiatio ad
preoccupation with one another
o Both engage in baby talk
Three Implications of Adult Attachment Theory
If adult romantic relationships are attachment relationship, then we should observe the
same kinds of individual differences in adult relationships that Ainsworth observed in
infant-caregiver relationships
If adult romantic relationships are attachment relationships, then the way adult
relationships work should be similar to the way infant-caregiver relationships work
Whether an adult is secure in his or her adult relationship may be a partial reflection of
his or her experiences with his or her primary caregivers
Do We Observe the Same Kinds of Attachment Patterns Among Adults that We Observe
Among Children?
Attachment-related anxiety: people who score high on this variable tend to worry
whether their partner is available, responsive, attentive; people who score low on the
variable are more secure in the perceived responsiveness of their partners
Attachment-related avoidance: people on the high end prefer not to rely on others or
open up to others; people on the low end are
more comfortable being intimate with others and
are more secure depending upon and having
others depend upon them
A typical secure adult is low on both of these
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