Psychology 2075 Study Guide - Indecent Exposure, Fetishism, Cognitive Distortion

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2075
Professor
Variations in Sexual Behaviour 4/16/2013 5:39:00 PM
Chapter 15
When is Sexual Behaviour Abnormal?
Statistical definition an abnormal sexual behaviour is one that is
rare or not practiced by many people
o This definition doesn’t give enough insight into the idea
Sociological approach a sexual behaviour that violates the norms
of society
o Recognizes the importance of the individual's interaction with
society
Psychological approach Arnold Buss (Psychopathology) stated the
three criteria of abnormality are discomfort, inefficiency and
bizarreness
o Bizarreness can differ from culture to culture
Medial approach recognizes 8 specific paraphilias (recurring,
unconventional sexual behaviour that I obsessive and compulsive):
o Fetishism
o Transvestic fetishism
o Sexual sadism
o Sexual masochism
o Voyeurism
o Frotteurism
o Exhibitionism indecent exposure (showing one’s genitals in
a public place to passersby)
o Pedophilia the most serious paraphilia, against the law
o Exemplified by the definitions in the Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)
The normal-abnormal continuum
o A mild preference for a fetish object is within the normal
range of sexual behaviour
o When someone cannot become aroused and engage in sexual
activity unless a fetish object is present, this is abnormal
o When someone becomes obsessed with the fetish object and
needs it at all times, the fetish has become paraphilia
Sexual Addictions and Compulsions
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Compulsive sexual behaviour a disorder in which the person
experiences intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges and
associated sexual behaviour
o The distinguishing feature of sexual addictions is that the
person has lost control over the behaviour
o These people often hold faulty beliefs that allow them to
justify this behaviour before engaging in it
o Patrick Carnes each episode of the sexual compulsive
behaviour proceeds through a four step cycle that intensifies
every time it is repeated:
Preoccupation person can’t think of anything else
Rituals certain acts have become a prelude to the
addictive act
Compulsive sexual behaviour the sexual behaviour is
enacted and the person feels they have no control
Despair rather than feeling good after, they fall into a
feeling of hopelessness and despair
Fetishism
Characterized by sexual fantasies, urges or behaviours involving the
use of nonliving objects to produce or enhance sexual arousal with
or without a partner
Media fetishes and form fetishes
o Media fetish a fetish whose object is anything made of a
particular substance (e.g. leather)
Hard media fetish leather or rubber
Soft media fetish fur or silk
o Form fetish a fetish whose object is a particular shape (e.g.
high heeled shoe)
Why do people develop a fetish?
o Learning theory
Fetishes result from classical conditioning in which a
learned association is built between the fetish object
and sexual arousal and orgasm
o Cognitive theory
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Document Summary

Statistical definition an abnormal sexual behaviour is one that is rare or not practiced by many people: this definition doesn"t give enough insight into the idea. Sociological approach a sexual behaviour that violates the norms of society: recognizes the importance of the individual"s interaction with society. Psychological approach arnold buss (psychopathology) stated the three criteria of abnormality are discomfort, inefficiency and bizarreness: bizarreness can differ from culture to culture. Preoccupation person can"t think of anything else. Rituals certain acts have become a prelude to the addictive act. Compulsive sexual behaviour the sexual behaviour is enacted and the person feels they have no control. Despair rather than feeling good after, they fall into a feeling of hopelessness and despair. Characterized by sexual fantasies, urges or behaviours involving the use of nonliving objects to produce or enhance sexual arousal with or without a partner.

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