Psychology 2075 Study Guide - Aphrodisiac, Endometriosis, Vasodilation

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
Department
Professor
Sexual Disorders and Sex Therapy 4/18/2013 9:41:00 AM
Chapter 18
Sexual Disorders
A problem with sexual response that causes a person mental
distress, four categories:
o Desire disorders
Hypoactive sexual desire (HSD) a sexual disorder in
which there is a lack of interest in sexual activity
Found in both women and men
Lack of interest in sex or sharply reduced interest
Responsive desire when people begin to feel
desire after sexual activity starts, not before
These people typically don’t initiate sex and aren’t
receptive when their partner initiates
Too little sexual desire is the most common issue
reported by women
Discrepancy of sexual desire a sexual problem
in which the partners have considerably different
levels of sexual desire
Sexual aversion disorder a sexual disorder in which
the person feels an actual aversion or repulsion towards
sex
o Arousal disorders
Erectile disorder the inability to have or maintain an
erection
Older men are more likely to experience erectile
difficulties
Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) a sexual
disorder in which there is a lack of response to sexual
stimulation
Defined partly by the woman not feeling aroused
and lack of vaginal lubrication
o Orgasmic disorders
Premature (rapid) ejaculation when the man
ejaculates too soon and feels he can’t control when
The main problem is low control
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Common problem amongst males
The condition can create friction within a
relationship
Men have doubled up on condoms, used
desensitizing cream and tried thinking of
something other than sexual intercourse
Male orgasmic disorder the male can’t have an
orgasm, even thought he has an erection and has had a
great deal of sexual stimulation
Female orgasmic disorder the woman is unable to
have an orgasm
Younger women report more infrequent orgasms
than older
Although many women only achieve orgasms
through hand or mouth stimulation, and not
through vaginal intercourse doesn’t mean they
have a disorder
o Sexual pain disorders
Dyspareunia painful intercourse
More common in women
Complaints of occasional pain during intercourse
are fairly common among women, persistent
dyspareunia isn't
Vaginismus a sexual disorder in which there is a
spastic contraction of the muscles surrounding the
entrance to the vagina, in some cases penetration
can be impossible
Not a very common sexual disorder
o Each disorder varies along two dimensions:
Lifelong sexual disorder (primary) present since the
person began sexual functioning
Acquired sexual disorder (secondary) develops after
and period of normal functioning
o Disorders can be:
Generalized occurring in all situations
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Situational a disorder the person has in some
situations but not in others
What Causes Sexual Disorders?
Biopsychosocial model argues that physical, psychological and
social factors all contribute to sexual disorders
Physical causes
o Organic factors physical factors like disease or injury
o Erectile disorder
Diseases associated with the heart and circulatory
system are likely to be associated with erectile disorder
And vascular pathology issues (problems in the blood
vessels supplying the penis)
Diabetes mellitus
Hypogonadism under functioning of the testes makes
testosterone levels low
Hyperprolactinemia excessive production of prolactin
Disease or injury that damages the lower part of the
spinal cord
Prostate surgery
o Premature ejaculation
More often caused by psychological than physical
factors
Can be due to a malfunctioning of the ejaculatory reflex
Prostatitis or other infection
Sociobiologists rapid ejaculation has been selected for
the process of evolution, those who can ejaculate faster
would be more likely to survive in that the female would
have less time to get away and the male would be less
likely to be attacked by other males
o Male orgasmic disorder multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury,
prostate surgery and most commonly psychological factors
o Female orgasmic disorder severe illness, extreme fatigue
and most commonly psychological factors
o Painful intercourse caused by organic factors including:
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Document Summary

A problem with sexual response that causes a person mental distress, four categories: desire disorders. Hypoactive sexual desire (hsd) a sexual disorder in which there is a lack of interest in sexual activity. Lack of interest in sex or sharply reduced interest. Responsive desire when people begin to feel desire after sexual activity starts, not before. These people typically don"t initiate sex and aren"t receptive when their partner initiates. Too little sexual desire is the most common issue reported by women. Discrepancy of sexual desire a sexual problem in which the partners have considerably different levels of sexual desire. Sexual aversion disorder a sexual disorder in which the person feels an actual aversion or repulsion towards sex: arousal disorders. Erectile disorder the inability to have or maintain an erection. Older men are more likely to experience erectile difficulties. Female sexual arousal disorder (fsad) a sexual disorder in which there is a lack of response to sexual stimulation.

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