Psychology 2134A/B Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Developmental Disability, Phonics, Phoneme

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What happens in your head when you read a word. First evidence of written words: 3500 years ago. Minimal variability: fonts are all basically the same, spelling is (usually) correct. Coarticulation: phonemes are discrete, no spaces between words lots of variability, between speakers, within speakers. Speech recognition is fast, online, and efficient. Written word recognition is hard learned later in life. Slow to progress (only fluent after many years) Slower than listening (speed reading doesn"t count) Each word or morpheme has a symbol. No language fits perfectly into one category. English is usually alphabetic, but what about. The transparency of mapping spelling to sounds. Words containing symbol have similar pronunciations. Deciding whether a letter string is a real word: have, mave, asrmp, xxxxx. Words are easier to process than nonwords. Slower reaction time for mave than save. Great (high freq. ) vs. peat (low freq. ) Length effects longer words are slower to recognize. Woo < weatherproof: both have same frequency!

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