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Definitions for Midterm 1.docx

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Western University
Psychology 2310A/B
Rod Martin

Know how to define: - Emil Kraepelin: first modern diagnostic system - Ruth Kajander: First to use anti-psychotics on schizophrenic patients - Inhibit reuptake: anti depressants (SSRI’s) - Inhibit enzymes: anti depressants, leaves more neurotransmitters around - Block receptors: anti-psychotics, too much neurotransmitter activity - Increase receptor sensitivity: how well they respond to certain neurotransmitters. Modify receptors. Anti-anxiety, increase sensitivity in receptors for GABA - Taxonomy: Classification system. Systematics. Ex: DSM - Nosology: Medical classification of medical conditions. Diagnostic system. - Diagnosis: Process of identifying specific disorder that an individual has by examination of the symptoms, typically through assessment. - Assessment: How to get a diagnosis. Broad process, what are symptoms, occurrence, personality, history, etc. can be done for other things such as finding treatment. - Validity: How affective it is to do what it’s supposed to do. If you can successfully derive a quick an answer easily. Does it help to do what we want to do better? Goal of DSM is to be able to diagnose and treat. To help people. Does it help to understand the causes and the best treatments? - Reliability: Can repeatedly get the same answer over and over. If another person uses the same system they can get the same answer (inter-rater reliability). - Polythetic: When making a diagnosis, there are a list of symptoms and you need a certain number of these symptoms but not all to be diagnosed with the disorder. Several criteria and only need a subset. Generates variability. - Differential Diagnosis: rules for distinguishing between this disorder and other disorders. Ex: gambling can be similar to mania, professional career and social gambling may not rule out addiction, rule out antisocial personality disorder to rule out gambling disorder. - Comorbidity: What other disorders often occur along with a disorder - Criticisms of DSM: doesn’t tell you about the treatment, doesn’t mention what causes the disorder (ide
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