Psychology 2550A/B Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Sigmund Freud, Psychological Repression, Personal Unconscious

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It"s instincts (life & death instincts) act like drives (motivations); seek reduction: generate libido: one"s finite energy. Superego: both conscious & unconscious: develops around age 5, out of long period of helplessness & dependency. Internalizes the influence of the parents & their ideals, in the form of self-control. It represents the morals & standards of society that have become part of the internal world of the individual (i. e. , the conscience) But can become a compelling & irrational force of its own (like the id) Looking back at freud"s theory of mental structures and their biological bases. In dreams, distortion & displacement occur when private meanings (as objects & events) become transformed into symbols. If repression is only partly successful (weak ego) > instinctual impulses persisting, may build up, causing a partial breakdown of repression: some may break through, producing neurotic anxiety (warning that repressed impulses are breaking through the defenses)