Chapter 1 orientation to personality 9/9/2012 11:58:00 am. Goal of personality psychology is to find and describe those individual differences between people that are psychologically meaningful and stable. Need to account for the individual"s characteristic patterns of thoughts, emotion and behavior together with the psychological mechanisms behind those patterns. Study how people"s thoughts and actions interact with, and shape reciprocally, the conditions of their lives. Personality refers to qualities of individuals that are relatively stable. The change in a person"s behavior may be due to personality. Coherence in the pattern of change in an individual"s behavior is another component of personality. Personality psychology is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought. Complex organization of cognitions, affects and behaviors that gives direction and pattern to a person"s life. Hippocrates philosophized about the basic human temperaments and their associated traits.