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Psychology 2720A/B Final: Chapter 10: Prosocial Behaviour - Final Exam Review

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Psychology 2720A/B
Mike Morrison

CHAPTER 10 PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOUR 1. What are the different forms of helping? Altruism = helping others even if there is costs that you face Egoism = helping others to benefit yourself o e.g., to relieve guilty feelings or to make yourself feel good 2. What are the two main motives to explain prosocial behaviour? Has the debate resolved over whether which one is most important? Empathy vs. social exchange the costs and rewards of helping o Empathy is the most important factor in explaining prosocial behaviour o Empathy = the ability to experience the events and emotions the way another person expriences them 3. What does evolutionary theory say about prosocial behaviour? We are more likely to help people who are related to us Kin selection o More likely to help family because they share similar genetics to us, and it is more likely that they will pass on our genes if we help them survive 4. What are the steps of Darley and Latanes decision tree? a. What is the Good Samaritan Study? What were the findings Good Samiritan Study = study about priests who were either told that they were in a rush to make an appointment or that they could take their time because the company as running behind in schedule o Results: those who were told they had to rush to make an appointment did not stop to help the man on the side walk despite the fact they preached about helping others many did not even notice the man 5. What is the bystander effect? Bystander effect = the notion that the more people there are to witness an emergency event, the less likely that someone will intervene or help 6. What was the smokefilled room study? When participants were put in room that filled up with smoke, participants only exited the room when they were alone When participants were in groups of 3 in the room, minority of the groups did not exist the room 7. What factors influence helping others in an emergency? Altruistic personality Gender differences o Females are more nurturing while males are more brave Socioeconomic status o Lower SES are more altruistic as they are more concerned with the needs of others Cultural differences o Individualist cultures are less likely to engage in prosocial behaviour in comparison to collectivist cultures
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