Psychology 3780F/G- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 26 pages long!)

44 views26 pages

Document Summary

Experimentation: systematically varying aspects of phenomenon of interest to determine how changes to these features determine outcome, cause/effect prediction, iv, dv, gold standard, experimentation has become gold standard in social psychology (as in many other fields of psychology) The scientific method: observe natural phenomena, formulate hypothesis, test hypothesis via rigorous experimentation, establish theory based upon repeated validation of results, modify hypothesis. Hypothesis: an idea about how something works/what something is/why something happens/etc. based on observations of natural world. Manipulation: to establish causality, one must determine that observed effect happened after its cause, independently manipulate cause, observe (measure) manipulation"s effect, repeat, replication crisis: open science collaboration 36% of social psychology findings replicated. Incomplete descriptions: qrps (questionable research practices, finding reasons to delete participants who don"t show hypothesis-confirming effect, ignoring ivs when they dampen effects of other ivs, stopping rules, outlier manipulation, not publishing non-significant results, p-value rounding.