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Psychology 1000

Chapter 1 982011 95000 AM o Psychoo Scan through pages 219 oo The study of human behaviour o Perception and emotion o Human brain oo The brain o Made of neurons o Neurotransmitters influence how neurons worko Dopamine causes depression and schizophrenia oo The mind o Whats going on in your mind can only be seen when you report ito Creates different perceptions oo Learning o Important in behaviorso Violence learned from media and television oo Clinical issues o Psychosurgery oBrain surgery in the absence of obvious organic damage Moniz o Radical prefrontal lobotomy has calming effect on violent emotional behaviour in chimpso Moniz supervises about 100 prefrontal lobotomies o Over next 20 years40000 in US aloneo Simple procedure ice pick in eye o Pre frontal lobes control emotion therefore separate from the rest of brain o Patients become more docile apathetic severe blunting of emotion intellectual problems and can be terminalooooo Study tips o relax dont get stressed out o ask for help if you need it o there is a lot of biology involved in psychologyo dont be intimidated by class size o take student development centre workshops o read text and make notes before class o dont miss class o use the study guide o keep up with the readingso take section 001 o form a study group oo Reading the text o think about background info o survey titles headings etco outline the chapter o decide how much you will read o as you start look at the heading and ask what is this about o look at layout for clue o look for the big picture o paraphrase section put notes in margin key words conceptso make summary noteso make up test questionsoo Time management o identify your best time for studyingo study difficult subjects firsto use distributed learning o make sure the environment is supportiveo set time for your social lifeo set time to sleep and eat o combine activitiesotho Sept 13 finish chapter 1 o What is psychology o Explanations of behaviour o Cultural and environmental factors eg value system o Certain cultures are quite aggressive and value aggression unlike some other cultures o Societys reaction to certain things o Climate may trigger aggressiono o Individual and psychological factors eg learning cognitive processes o How does an individual think and interpret what is going on o They grew up in a certain way which affects the way they perceive thingso Learning how to be aggressive rather than a biological factor causing it o Why do people handleexplain things differently oo Biological factors eg neural hormonal o Bodily processes try to see how these things are involved in behaviour o What causes aggression through a biological approach certain brain area o Certain neurotransmitters explanation based on biological factors alone ooo Schools of psychology o Functionalism o Focus on the function or significance of behaviour o How does a behaviour or mental process help us to adapt o Primarily biological o Modern example psychobiology neuroscience ethology study of animals in their natural habitat o Psychodynamic o Focus on unconscious experience the mind o Look for unresolved conflict o Importance of personality personality develops with the unconscious has to do with the unresolved conflicts going ono Modern example brief psychodynamic therapy unconscious processingo Behaviourism o Focus on behaviour forget the mind
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