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Psychology 1000

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PRACTICE EXAM (MARCH MIDTERM 2013) 1. Another form of intelligence that has attracted a lot of attention is emotional intelligence. A person with a high emotional IQ A) has the ability to read others’ emotions accurately B) often have even higher verbal IQ scores C) usually doesn’t attend university D) are intellectually disabled in a general sense E) both A & C 2. Humans are capable of producing several hundred phonemes. Infants across the world can vocalize the entire range of phonemes A) but by 1 month they have lost that ability B) but by 6 months they have lost that ability C) and they never lose this ability to produce these sounds D) and they will always be able to perceive these differences in sound E) although they will lose this ability they will always be able to perceive the differences 3. Although Skinner believed that children’s language acquisition is strongly governed by reinforcement from adults, most psycholinguists doubt this because A) children learn too much too fast B) children learn through motherese C) parents typically do not correct their children’s grammar D) children only talk in telegraphic speech E) both A and C 4. Learning a second language can be very beneficial, especially if learned during the sensitive period of childhood. When a second language is learned later in life A) the person will always have trouble with their native language B) Broca’s area will get larger C) a different area of the brain will be activated during production of the second language D) this person will have no problems switching from one language to the other E) the production of their native language will activate Wernicke’s area 5. In the Tower of Hanoi problem you are to move the rings one at a time to reach the desired goal. When solving this problem you are using A) subgoal analysis B) availability heuristic C) a mental set D) inductive reasoning E) retrieval cues 6. Deductive reasoning is reasoning from ___________, and inductive reasoning is reasoning from ______________ A) specific principle, general principles B) science, arts C) “top down”, “bottom up” D) informal observations, formal observations E) hypotheses, theories 7. Gifted individuals have a higher than normal IQ (120 or above) and cognitively disabled individuals obtain IQ’s between about 50 and 70. Both of these groups A) often need special educational opportunities B) tend to walk earlier C) need large amounts of support D) are often victims of stereotypes E) both A & D 8. Suppose a researcher gave people the following problem: In a group of 100 people, 70 are pilots and 30 are bookkeepers. Of that group, one man is meek, timid, and enjoys helping people. Is he more likely to be a pilot or a bookkeeper? Most subjects would answer A) bookkeeper, demonstrating a bias toward representativeness B) bookkeeper, demonstrating a prior probability bias C) pilot, demonstrating use of the base-rate information given D) pilot, demonstrating the availability bias E) bookkeeper, demonstrating functional fixedness 9. Binet made two assumptions when developing his intelligence tests. His assumptions, if true, meant that A) a child who is less than competent than expected at age 5 should also be lagging at age 10 B) a child who is less than competent than expected at age 5 will show a greater tendency to be at the level of his peers by age 10 C) a child who is above average at age 5 will be leveled off by age 10 D) a child who is less than competent at age 5 has the potential for genius by age 10 E) all children should match their age appropriate level of intelligence 2 10. Mr. Inwood is a retired business man. He finds that his thinking pattern has changed significantly from when he was in his early thirties. According to Cattell, Mr. Inwood’s thinking has progressed from using __________ intelligence to depending more on _____________ intelligence A) the g factor, s factor B) fluid, crystallized C) verbal, performance D) non-verbal, verbal E) crystallized, fluid 11. There is no question that the brain is the centre of intellectual abilities. But is a bigger brain indicative of a more intellectual person? Research on Einstein’s brain has shown that A) his entire brain was larger than average B) certain areas of Einstein’s brain were more densely packed with neurons C) parts of Einstein’s brain were actually smaller than average D) the language area of his brain was highly developed E) both B & C 12. Brian and Lisa differ in their abilities to perform certain types of intellectual tasks. Brian is probably better at ______________ and Lisa is more than likely better at ______________ A) mental rotation tasks, target-directed motor skills B) perceptual speed, verbal fluency C) spatial tasks, verbal fluency D) ideational fluency, spatial tasks E) target-directed motor skills, spatial tasks 13. According to Freud, what motivates much of human behavior is A) the expected outcome of the behavior combined with the subjective value of that outcome B) the subjective interpretation of physiological arousal C) the battle between unconscious impulses struggling for release and psychological defenses used to keep them under control D) the consequences of a given behavior E) an intrinsic striving for self-actualization 14. In a laboratory study, Dr. Pava gives his test rats daily injections of leptin for a month. Assuming that these test rats are genetically normal, what should Dr. Pava observe over time? A) the rats will have an increased appetite and gain weight B) the rats will have a decreased appetite and lose weight C) the rats will show increased levels of aggression and attack behavior D) the rats will show decreased levels of aggression and attack behavior E) the leptin will not affect the rats in any way 3 15. Which of the following is/are true regarding the brain and sexual motivation? A) the hypothalamus directly regulates the secretion of hormones B) the hypothalamus controls the pituitary, which then regulates the secretion of hormones C) the gonads secrete androgens and estrogens D) the gonads control the pituitary gland’s secretion of hormones E) both B and C above 16. According to a large scale U.S. survey based on a nationally representative sample of 19 to 59 year olds, Laumann and colleagues (1994) found that A) single adults who do not cohabitate were more sexually active than married adults B) cohabitating adults were more sexually active than married adults C) men and women have sex with a partner about equally often, but men masturbate and fantasize about sex more often than women do D) all of the above E) only B and C above 17. A motivation theorist who believes in the expectancy X value theory of motivation would most likely say that two people can respond differently to the same incentive because A) they have different drives B) they have different unconscious motives C) they have different deficiency needs D) they evaluate the worth of the incentive differently E) they have different instincts 18. All of the following brain structures were mentioned as playing important roles in the regulation and production of emotion except the A) amygdala B) hypothalamus C) cerebellum D) hippocampus E) cerebral cortex 19. As was presented in the textbook, modern emotion researchers assume that most emotions A) are determined primarily by physiological responses B) are determined primarily by cognitive responses C) are reflected in particular behavioral responses D) involve a combination of cognitive, physiological, and behavioral response patterns E) are exclusively culturally determined 4 20. You realize that the PowerPoint assignment that you were going to work on this weekend is actually due today. You feel stressed, anxious, and show signs of physiological arousal such as muscle tension and increased heart rate and blood pressure. According to the Canon-Bard theory of emotion A) the physiological arousal and subjective experience occur simultaneously B) you have the subjective experience of emotion prior to the physiological arousal C) you have the physiological arousal and then interpret this as feeling stressed D) the subjective experience of emotion generates the physiological arousal E) the amount of anxiety you feel will depend on happy you were when you put off working on the assignment the previous week 21. According to the information in the textbook, emotions are adaptive because A) they signal that something important is happening and they direct our behavior to that event B) they are an effective form of communication C) certain emotions such as fear and anger motivate action in response to danger D) certain emotions such as interest and joy, broaden our behavior so that we explore and consider new ideas E) all of the above 22. The theories of Richard Lazarus and Stanley Schachter are similar because both A) propose that emotion is caused by unconscious conflicts B) propose that extrinsic reward decreases intrinsic motivation C) propose that emotional expression is culturally determined D) propose that cognitive appraisals are an essential component of emotional experience E) all of the above 23. All humans show changes in facial expressions to accompany emotions such as fear, anger, happiness, disgust, and surprise. But how well can you identify these expressions when shown by individuals from a different culture? A) identifying facial expressions is a learned skill, so you would not be able to identify them if you were not familiar with that particular culture B) facial expressions are similar across cultures so you would be able to identify them with good accuracy C) facial expressions are all culturally specific, so you would not be able to identify them D) facial expressions vary by personality, not by culture E) none of the above 5 24. In developmental research, a(n) _____________ period is an age r
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