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Final

Psych 1000 Final Exam

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Semester
Fall

Description
    1.  ZĂŶĚLJ▯ĐŽŵĞƐ▯ŚŽŵĞ▯ĨƌŽŵ▯Ă▯ƉĂƌƚLJ▯ůĂƚĞ▯Ăƚ▯ŶŝŐŚƚ▯ĂŶĚ▯ƐĞĞƐ▯Ă▯ƉŝĞĐĞ▯ŽĨ▯ŚŝƐ▯ŵŽŵ͛Ɛ▯ǁŽŶĚĞƌĨƵů▯ ĐŚĞĞƐĞĐĂŬĞ͘▯▯dŚĞƌĞ▯ŝƐ▯ŽŶůLJ▯ŽŶĞ▯ƉŝĞĐĞ▯ůĞĨƚ▯ĂŶĚ▯ŝƚ▯ŚĂƐ▯ŚŝƐ▯ƐŝƐƚĞƌ͛Ɛ▯ŶĂŵĞ▯ŽŶ▯ŝƚ͘▯▯,Ğ▯ĚĞĐŝĚĞƐ▯ƚŽ▯ĞĂƚ▯ŝƚ▯ ĂŶLJǁĂLJ͘▯▯▯ĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐ▯ƚŽ▯&ƌĞƵĚ͕▯ZĂŶĚLJ͛Ɛ▯ŶĞĞĚ▯ĨŽƌ▯ŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞ▯ŐƌĂƚŝĨŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ  is  because  of  the   A) influence  of  the  id   B) ego  operating  according  to  the  pleasure  principle   C) compromise  between  the  id  and  the  superego   D) ƐƵƉĞƌĞŐŽ͛Ɛ▯complete  lack  of  morality   E) influence  of  the  superego  on  the  ego       2. Dennis  is  downloading  songs  from  the  internet  illegally.    His  mom  sees  this  and  reprimands  him.     Dennis  responds  by  saying  that  he  is  actually  protecting  the  environment  by  doing  this  because   ŚĞ▯ŚĂƐŶ͛ƚ▯ĚƌŝǀĞŶ▯ƚŽ▯ƚŚĞ▯ŵĂůů▯ƚŽ▯ďƵLJ▯ƚŚĞ▯▯▯͘▯▯dŚŝƐ▯ŝƐ▯ĂŶ▯ĞdžĂŵƉůĞ▯ŽĨ▯Ă▯ƉƐLJĐŚŽĂŶĂůLJƚŝĐĂů▯ĚĞĨĞŶĐĞ▯ mechanism  called   A) depression   B) rationalization   C) fixation   D) electra   E) denial       3. &ƌĞƵĚ͛Ɛ▯ƐƚĂŐĞƐ▯ŽĨ▯ƉƐLJĐŚŽƐĞdžƵĂů▯ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ▯ŚĂǀĞ▯ƌĞĐĞŝǀĞĚ▯ŵƵĐŚ▯ĂƚƚĞŶƚŝŽŶ▯ĂŶĚ▯ĐƌŝƚŝĐŝƐŵ͘▯▯ Neoanalysts  disagreed  with  Freud  because   A) he  placed  too  much  emphasis  on  the  phallic  stage   B) they  believed  that  personality  developed  throughout  the  lifetime   C) they  believed  he  stressed  infantile  sexuality  too  much   D) they  believed  he  put  too  much  stress  on  cultural  factors   E) both  B)  &  C)       4. A  young  woman  with  a  negative  self-­‐concept  believes  she  is  totally  unattractive  to  men.     However,  a  very  desirable  man  asks  her  out  on  a  date.    Her  response  is  most  likely   A) to  turn  him  down   B) to  think  that  he  is  just  trying  to  be  nice,  so  that  she  can  maintain  her  negative  image   C) to  increase  her  self-­‐concept  to  become  more  positive   D) to  think  that  he  finally  came  to  his  senses   E) to  decrease  her  self-­‐concept  to  become  even  more  negative       5. dƌĂŝƚ▯ƚŚĞŽƌŝƐƚƐ▯ĚŝĨĨĞƌ▯ŽŶ▯ŚŽǁ▯ŵĂŶLJ▯ƚƌĂŝƚƐ▯ŝƚ▯ƚĂŬĞƐ▯ƚŽ▯ĚĞƐĐƌŝďĞ▯Ă▯ƉĞƌƐŽŶ͛Ɛ▯ƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůŝƚLJ͘▯▯▯ĂƚƚĞů͛Ɛ▯ theory  would  be  more  likely  to  describe  ________,  and  the  Big  Five  is  probably  adequate  to   describe  ____________   A) nuances  of  behaviour,  the  most  important  features  of  personality   B) behaviours  to  a  moderate  degree,  specific  behaviours   C) the  most  important  features  of  personality,  nuances  of  behaviour   D) North  Americans,  European  cultures   E) a  limited  view  of  personality,  a  comprehensive  view  of  personality     6. Recently,  Linda  went  to  visit  a  fortune  teller  who  told  her  that  she  would  be  meeting  the  man  of   her  dreams  in  the  coming  year.    According  to  Rotter,  Linda  probably  believed  the  fortune  teller   because   A) she  has  an  internal  locus  of  control   B) she  is  a  low  self-­‐monitor   C) she  has  a  high  need  for  self-­‐verification   D) she  has  an  external  locus  of  control   E) she  has  a  need  for  positive  regard       7. Peter  has  been  playing  high  school  football  for  the  past  few  years.    Most  of  the  time,  he  has  sat   on  the  bench  and  not  actually  played  during  a  game.    His  beliefs  about  his  ability  to  perform   under  pressure  have  been  sliding  and  he  now  has  questions  about  his  own  football  skills.     According  to  Bandura,  peter  is  declining  in  his   A) locus  of  control   B) self  efficacy   C) condition  of  worth   D) introversion   E) goal  setting  perspective       8.  The  MMPI  is  the  most  widely  used  personality  inventory.    Part  of  its  design  includes  three   validity  scales.    These  3  scales  are  used     A) to  detect  severe  personality  deviations   B) to  detect  important  aspects  of  personality  functioning   C) ƚŽ▯ĚĞƚĞĐƚ▯ƚŚĞ▯ĚĞŐƌĞĞ▯ƚŽ▯ǁŚŝĐŚ▯ƚŚĞ▯ŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂů͛Ɛ▯ƌĞƐƉŽŶƐĞƐ▯ƌĞƐĞŵďůĞ▯Ă▯ƉƐLJĐŚŝĂƚƌŝĐ▯ŐƌŽƵƉ   D) to  detect  tendencies  to  present  either  an  overly  positive  picture  or  to  exaggerate  the   degree  of  psychological  disturbance   E) to  detect  a  non-­‐psychiatric  sample         9. When  Rita  attends  the  gym  she  is  outgoing  and  agreeable.    At  work  she  continues  to  be  shy  and   moody.    She  is  most  likely   A) an  extreme  self-­‐monitor   B) an  extrovert   C) not  very  attentive  to  cues   D) to  count  on  good  things  happening  to  her   E) a  low  self-­‐monitor       10.  According  to  Freud,  penis  envy  results  from   A) a  boy͛s  fear  that  the  father  will  castrate  him   B) Ă▯Őŝƌů͛Ɛ▯ŝĚĞŶƚŝĨŝĐĂƚŝŽŶ▯ǁŝƚŚ▯ŚĞƌ▯ŵŽƚŚĞƌ   C) a  girl͛s  wish  for  a  penis   D) fixation  at  the  genital  stage   E) a  boy͛s  wish  to  marry  his  mother     11. Specific  phobias  primarily  differ  from  Generalized  Anxiety  Disorder  (GAD)  in  that   A) generalized  anxiety  disorder  is  associated  with  avoidance  behaviors,  whereas  specific   phobias  are  not     B) for  phobias,  anxiety  primarily  occurs  in  response  to  very  specific  stimuli,  whereas   generalized  anxiety  disorder  is  associated  with  a  chronic  state  of  diffuse  tension   C) generalized  anxiety  disorder  is  associated  with  symptoms  of  physiological  arousal  (such   as  rapid  heartbeat  and  sweaty  palms),  whereas  phobias  are  not   D) for  females,  generalized  anxiety  disorder  is  more  prevalent  than  phobias   E) both  A)  &  B)  above     12. Related  to  the  causes  of  depression,  which  of  the  following  pairings  of  theoretical  perspective   and  proposed  cause  of  depression  is  LEAST  accurate?   A) biological  perspective;  overactivity  in  the  serotonin  and  norepinephrine  systems     B) Freud;  early  traumatic  childhood  losses  or  rejections   C) Aaron  Beck;  depressive  cognitive  triad   D) >ĞǁŝŶƐŽŚŶ͛Ɛ▯ďĞŚĂǀŝŽƌĂů▯ŵŽĚĞů͖▯ůŽƐƐ▯ŽĨ▯ƉŽƐŝƚŝǀĞ▯ƌĞŝŶĨŽƌĐĞŵĞŶƚ   E) sociocultural  perspective;  lack  of  strong  family  connections     13. According  to  Cognitive  theorists  such  as  David  Barlow,  panic  disorder  is  caused  by   A) a  state  of  learned  helplessness   B) exaggerated  misinterpretations  of  normal  anxiety  responses   C) an  unconscious  association  between  fear  and  a  given  stimulus   D) inadequate  defense  mechanisms  to  manage  unconscious  conflicts   E) negative  views  of  the  self  that  are  both  global  and  stable       14. Which  of  the  following  statements  is/are  true  regarding  depression?   A) after  the  first  episode,  depression  typically  remits  in  5  to  10  months,  even  if  untreated       B) depression  is  more  prevalent  in  females  than  in  males   C) approximately  half  of  the  individuals  who  experience  an  episode  of  depression  will   experience  future  episodes  of  depression     D) approximately  one  in  five  females  will  experience  depression  at  some  point  in  her   lifetime         E) all  of  the  above         15. tŚŝĐŚ▯ŽĨ▯ƚŚĞ▯ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ▯ŝƐͬĂƌĞ▯ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚ▯ƚŽ▯ďĞ▯Ă▯͞ƉŽƐŝƚŝǀĞ͟▯ƐLJŵƉƚŽŵ▯ŽĨ▯ƐĐŚŝnjŽƉŚƌĞŶŝĂ͍   A) hallucinations       B) delusions   C) blunted  affect   D) both  A)  &  B)  above     E) all  of  the  above     16. ͞dƌĂuma-­‐ĚŝƐƐŽĐŝĂƚŝŽŶ▯ƚŚĞŽƌLJ͟▯ƐƵŐŐĞƐƚƐ▯ƚŚĂƚ▯ͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺͺ▯ǁŝůů▯ĞŵĞƌŐĞ▯ǁŚĞŶ▯ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ▯ dissociate  to  defend  themselves  from  severe  and  ongoing  physical  or  sexual  abuse     A) Dissociative  Identity  Disorder   B) Psychogenic  Amnesia   C) Psychogenic  Fugue   D) Obsessive  Compulsive  Disorder   E) Schizophrenia     17. dŚĞ▯͚ĚŽƉĂŵŝŶĞ▯ŚLJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ͟▯ƐƵŐŐĞƐƚƐ▯ƚŚĂƚ▯ƚŚĞ▯ƐLJŵƉƚŽŵƐ▯ŽĨ▯ƐĐŚŝnjŽƉŚƌĞŶŝĂ͕▯ƉĂƌƚŝĐƵůĂƌůLJ▯ƚŚĞ     __________  are  caused  by  __________   A) negative  symptoms;  overactivity  in  the  dopamine  system   B) negative  symptoms;  underactivity  in  the  dopamine  system   C) positive  symptoms;  underactivity  in  the  dopamine  system   D) positive  symptoms;  overactivity  in  the  dopamine  system   E) symptoms  of  Type  II  schizophrenia;  an  absence  of  dopamine  receptors     18. ^ĂƐŚĂ͛Ɛ▯ƉŚLJƐŝĐŝĂŶ▯ŚĂƐ▯ƌĞĨĞƌƌĞĚ▯ŚĞƌ▯ĨŽƌ▯ƉƐLJĐŚŽůŽŐŝĐĂů▯ƚƌĞĂƚŵĞŶƚ͘▯/Ŷ▯ƚŚĞ▯ƌĞĨĞƌƌal,  her  physician   ĚĞƐĐƌŝďĞƐ▯ŚĞƌ▯ĂƐ▯͞Ă▯LJŽƵŶŐ▯ǁŽŵĂŶ▯ǁŚŽ▯ŚĂƐ▯Ă▯ĐŚƌŽŶŝĐ▯instability  in  her  self-­‐image  and  her   interpersonal  relationships,  as  well  as  chronic  difficulties  with  expressions  of  emotion  that   alternate  between  extremes  of  love  and  hate.  Sasha  is  most  likely  being  referred  for  treatment   of   A) Schizoid  personality  disorder   B) Dependent  personality  disorder   C) Borderline  personality  disorder   D) Antisocial  personality  disorder   E) Depressive  personality  disorder     19. Which  of  the  following  would  be  coded  on  Axis  III  of  the  DSM-­‐IV  diagnostic  and  classification   system?   A) mood  disorders   B) diabetes   C) somatoform  disorders   D) personality  disorders   E) developmental  disorders     20. Regarding  hypochondriasis,  which  of  the  following  statements  is/are  true?   A) hypochondriasis  is  considered  to  be  a  somatoform  disorder   B) hypochondriasis  is  characterized  by  a  heightened  sense  of  alarm  related  to  physical   symptoms,  and  a  conviction  that  a  disease  exists  despite  evidence  to  the  contrary         C) hypochondriasis  is  characterized  by  neurological  symptoms  that  have  no  physical  cause   with  the    symptoms  developing  in  response  to  a  severe  trauma     D) hypochondriasis  is  characterized  by  intense  pain  that  has  no  physical  cause   E) both  A)  &  B)  above         21. Sara  has  a  severe  phobia  of  closed  spaces.  Typically,  she  avoids  elevators  but  one  day  as  she  is   running  very  late  for  a  meeting,  she  decides  to  take  the  elevator  rather  than  the  stairs.  As  luck   would  have  it,  the  elevator  gets  stuck  between  floors  and  Sara  is  trapped  alone  on  the  elevator   for  many  hours  until  the  technicians  resolve  the  problem.  According  to  learning  theory,  a  likely   outcome  of  this  experience  is  that  Sara  will  __________,  as  this  naturally  occurring  situation  is   similar  to  the  treatment  technique  of  _________   A) overcome  her  fear  of  closed  spaces;  flooding     B) overcome  her  fear  of  closed  spaces;  systematic  desensitization   C) overcome  her  fear  of  closed  spaces;  aversive  conditioning   D) have  a  greater  fear  of  closed  
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