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Pscyh Term Test #3.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Semester
Spring

Description
Result of limitation and reinforcement? Not really Yes, child does learn that “dog” not “perro” or “chien” applies in englsh But trick is creativity Once we know that dog applies, how we talk about the dog is the trick – it is not the result of limitation or  reinforcement Mistakes in grammar are not corrected.. facts are Leads to think that language and synatic structures are innate From first moments of life, infants vocalize (cry, coo, babbly, etc)  They make noises that are going to be useful in terms of language development Cry sounds same regardless of where infant is born True for deaf infants babbling has no conventional meaning, but takes on a social quality in hearing infants Rules of interaction Learn of rules of engagement By the age of two months, infants show phoneme discrimination Sensitivity to foreign contrasts drops an infant approaches 12 months. Suggests… Infants are “hard­wired” for language acquisition Prepared for any language Motherese High pitch, slow rate, exaggerated tone Adults shift “automatically Infants prefer this type of speech to normal adult speech Learning about pausing, pitch characteristics, etc. Only in the western world READING CHAPTER 9 • Victor was a child discovered by hunters who was isolated from human contact for 12 years, he could  make sounds and walk up straight • He was considered the wild boy of averyon and was sent to Paris for training with a prominent physician • Genie was a 13­year old who was isolated in a locked room for almost all her life • She never got the ability to string words together • Dominique was 5 years old and had been abused: locked in the basement  • Once being rescued she received language training from a university and was soon able to acquire a  number of mental abilities and seemed quite capable of fully acquiring language • Humans communicate more effectively and think better than other animals
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