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Comp Lit 1023 Midterm Terms PDF.pdf

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Western University
Psychology 1000

Misogyny • The hatred or dislike of women or girls. Can be shown by sexual discrimination, violence against women, sexual objectification of • women • Prominent feature of mythology and various religions of ancient world • Counter part is misandry (dislike/hatred of men) *not important* Sade was a misogynist
 Aeaea • Mythological island said to be home of the evil sorceress, Circe In Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus visitsAeaea and ends up living with Circe for a year • • Island in Greece • Created by Greek author, Homer
 Monotheism • The belief in the existence of only one God • One single, all-powerful God • All Christian religions are examples of monotheism
 Polytheism • The worship or belief in multiple Gods (deities) • Gods and Goddesses These religions have their own rituals • • The belief in more than one God • Example: Hinduism
 Hermes • Olympian God in Greek religion • Son of Zeus • He is the messenger of the Gods Also a minor patron on poetry
 Papyrus • Amaterial prepared in ancient Egypt from the pithy stem of a water plant Used in sheets throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for writing or painting on • • Also for making rope, sandals, and boats. • Aten & Unis stories
 Sodomy • Anal or oral sex with someone • Sex with someone of the same gender • Bestiality (sex with animals)
 (basically, any form of sex that is not considered to be the standard)
 -120 days of sodom
 Zoophilia • Sexual interaction between human and non-human animals • Sexual attraction to animals • Erotic attraction or sexual contact between humans and animals
 -Woody allen “things you wanted to know about sex..”
 Original Sin • According to Christianity, this is also called ancestral sin Sin resulting from the fall of man • • Stemming fromAdams rebellion in the garden of Eden • Atheological doctrine arguing that all humans at the moment of conception inherit collective responsibility and guilt for the sins ofAdam and Eve along with an innate tendency towards evil.
 Frame Narrative Literary technique • • Astory within a story, sometimes within another story • Multiple stories (think Russian Doll set or whatever) • Example: 1000Arabian Nights
 Masochism • Sexual gratification stemming from one’s own pain or humiliation [main definition] • Finding pleasure in self-denial, submissiveness 
 Sadism • Pleasure derived from watching others have pain inflicted upon themselves • Watching cruelty, degradation, humiliation happen to others brings you pleasure Marquis de Sade (term created because of him)
 Vagina Dentata • Latin for “toothed vagina” Afolktale that says a women’s vagina contains teeth and because of this sexual intercourse • might result in injury or castration of a man
 Metamorphoses (in an insect or amphibian) The process of transformation from an immature form to an adult • form in two or more distinct stages.
 Intertextuality The shaping of a text meaning by another text • • The relationship between texts
 Triangle of Desire • 
 Purgatory (in Roman Catholic doctrine) a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who • are expiating their sins before going to heaven. • Astate after death in which the souls of people who die are made pure by suffering before they go to Heaven. 
 Inferno • Hell (in reference to Dante’s Divine Comedy) • Large fire that is out of control layers of hell
 Kama • Hindu God of love and erotic desire; opposite of Mara, who is the god of death Kama Sutra is an ancient Hindu text
 • ***pleasureable sense
 Artha Sanskrit term • • Means: purpose, cause, motive, meaning, notion, wealth, economy, or gain. • Refers to the idea of material prosperity • One of the four goals in life (Hinduism belief) 
 *** wealth accumulations
 Dharma • fulfillment of ones duty during life on earth
 Ananda (Bliss) • Extreme happiness, one of the highest states of being • Perfect bliss Sanskrit word for bliss
 Incest • Sexual intercourse between closely related people Acrime of sexual intercourse • • Example: sex between cousins
 Francesca da Rimini • Italian noblewoman. Unhappily married, she fell in love with her brother-in-law. When her husband learned of the affair, he murdered his wife and brother, a tragedy recounted in Dante's Inferno. • Immortalized in Dante’s Divine Comedy
 Phallocentrism Phallocentrism refers to doctrines or beliefs that are centered on male attitudes, particularly in • regard to male attitudes regarding the female sex. It involves the practice of placing males and male viewpoints at the epicenter of the world, promoting male superiority. In this regard, the male phallus serves as a symbol of male dominance, while the female lack of a phallus serves as a symbol of her inferiority.
 Platonic Love • The type of love that is chaste and non-sexual Named after Plato • • Aspiritual affection between two people of the opposite sex (absence of sexual involvement)
 Diotima Female philosopher who plays an important role in Plato’s Symposium (her ideas of love and • beauty) • Her ideas are the origin o
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