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Exam Review Test 4.docx

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 1000
Professor
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

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Description
Psychology Exam Review: Test 4 Chapter 15 Abstinence violation effect: A reaction that can occur when substance misusers fail to remain abstinent and view the lapse as proof that they will never be strong enough to resist temptation; may result in a total relapse Aerobic exercise: Sustained activity that elevates the heart rate and body’s need for oxygen Coping self-efficacy: Beliefs relating to our ability to deal effectively with a stressful stimulus or stimulation, including pain Cortisol: A hormone produced during a period of stress that triggers an increase in blood sugars, which is then provided to the skeletal muscles along with additional oxygen; also suppresses the immune system Emotion-focused coping: Coping strategies directed at minimizing or reducing emotional responses to a stressor General adaption syndrome: Selye’s descriptionof the body’s responses to a stressor, which includes successive phases of alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion Hardiness: A stress-resistant personality pattern that involves the factors of commitment, control, and challenge Harm reduction: A prevention strategy that is designed not to eliminate a problem behaviour but to reduce its harmful consequences Health-compromising behaviours: Behaviours, such as poor dietary habits and unprotected sexual activity, that impair health and reduce longevity Health-enhancing behaviours: Behaviours, such as exercise and good dietary habits, that support and increase health and longevity Health psychology: The study of psychological and behavioural factors in the prevention and treatment of illness and in the maintenance of health Lapse: A one-time return to an undesirable behaviour pattern, usually in a high-risk situation Life event scales: Questionnaires that measure the number (and, sometimes, the intensity) of positive and negative life events that have occurred over a specific period of time Motivational interviewing: A treatment approach that avoids confrontation and leads clients to their own realization of a problem and to increased motivation to change Multimodal treatments: Substance abuse interventions that combine a number of treatments, such as aversion therapy and coping skills training Neuroticism: A personality trait that involves the tendency to experience high levels of negative affect and to behave in self-defeating ways Physiological toughness: Relations between two classes of hormones secreted by the adr
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