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Psychology Connect Quizzes 9-13.txt

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Semester
Winter

Description
Psych1000Chap913 Chap9posttest 1)Thatlanguageisgenerativemeansthatwe________. a)Canrefertoimaginarythingsandevents b)aregovernedbyasetofruleswhenweproducelanguage c)Canrepeatedproduceanovelmessages d)Onlyunderstandalimitednumberoflanguages C Iputa..Thatissomethingelse.Displacement. 2)Asecondlanguageislearntmostefficientlyandeffectivelyifitislearnt ________. a)Duringchildhood b)Duringadolescence c)Duringearlyadulthood d)Duringmiddletolateadulthood A 3)Theindividualsoundsofalanguagearecalled________. a)Morphemes b)Phonemes c)Semantics d)Syntax B 4)Language,involvesthespecificuseofrulesthatdeterminehowthesymbolso falanguagecanbecombinedtoproducemeaningfulideas.Thispropertyoflangu ageiscalled_____. a)Displacement b)Generativity c)Structure d)Semantics C 5)Thelinguisticrelativityhypothesis,developedbyB.L.Whorf,arguedthat_ _______. a)youshouldneverbelievewhataRomulansays b)wordsmeanexactlywhatIwantthemtomean,nothingmoreorless c)languagedetermineswhatwearecapableofthinkingabout d)somewordsarelongerthanothers C 6)Thetwowords:afterthoughtandafterimageshareacommon_____. a)displacement b)morpheme c)surfacestructure d)deepstructure B (Needtoreviewmorphemes.IthoughtC 7)Bilingualchildrendemonstratewhichofthefollowingcognitiveoutcomescomp aredtononbilingualchildren. a)PoorerEnglishfluency b)Greaterflexibilityofthinking c)Poorerunderstandingofthesymbolicnatureofprint d)Greaternumberoferrorsintheuseofwrittenlanguage B 8)Geary(1995)showedthatEnglishspeakingchildrenmayperformmorepoorlyin ____skillscomparedtoAsianchildrenbecauseofakeydifferencebetweenthe twolanguages. a)History b)Geography c)Spelling d)Math D 9)Whensomeonesaysthewcordyouthinkofatypicalcar.Thatisyouthought aboutcarbyusinga________. a)Prototype b)Motoricrepresentation c)Listofdefiningfeatures d)Phoneme A 10)Youhearalogicallyvalidargumentabouthomelessnessthatleadstoaconcl usionthatyouareuncomfortablewith,thatcontradictsyourmoralprinciples.Y ourejectthisargument,arguingthattheremustbesomethingwrongwiththelog ic.Youhaveshown________. a)Inductivereasoning b)Linguisticrelativity c)Functionalfixedness d)Beliefbias D 11)Astepbystepproblemstrategyforsolvingaproblemorachievingagoalis calleda(n)________. a)algorithm b)heuristic c)exemplar d)prototype A 12)Basedonthefactthatshehasseen10,776murdersonTVinthelastweek,L aWandabelievesthatsheisfarmorelikelytobemurderedthantodieofoldag e.LaWandaseemstobe________. a)usingtherepresentativenessheuristic b)applyinganalgorithm c)usingtheavailabilityheuristic d)subjecttotheconfirmationbias C 13)AneffectivestrategyusedtosolvetheTowerofHanoiproblem,is____. a)Subgoalanalysis b)Prototypeanalysis c)Workingbackwards d)Meansendsanalysis A 14)Whenyouworkfromspecificfactsinordertotryanddevelopageneralprin ciple,asscientistsdo,youareemploying____reasoning. a)Inductive b)Confirmatory c)Hierarchical d)Deductive A 15)Whichofthefollowingreferstotheconceptthatsometimeswecansolvepro blemsthroughaflashofinsight? a)Functionalfixedness b)Incubation c)Spontaneousknowing d)Algorithmicthinking B 16)Whenpeoplegotochurchtheyfollowastandardizedpatternofevents.This iscalleda_____. a)Actionpattern b)Algorithm c)Proposition d)script D 17)TheresultsofthementalrotationtaskconductedbyShepardandMetzler(19 71)showedthatwhentwoobjectswereidenticalbutonewasrotated_____. a)Participantscouldnotrecognizethattheywerethesameiftheywererota tedbeyond180degrees. b)Participantstooklongertorecognizetheywerethesamethefurtherapart theywereinrotation c)Participantsgotfasterandfasteratrecognizingthattheywerethesame themoretheypracticed. d)Participantsonlyrecognizedthattheywerethesameiftheywererotated upto90degrees B 18)Researchonbrainregionsinvolvedinseeingandimagingvisualinformation showsthat_____. a)Thereisonlyonebrainregionthatshowsoverlapbetweenimaginingsometh ingandseeingit b)Theamountofoverlapinbrainregionsactivatedforimaginingsomethinga ndseeingitdependsonthecomplexityof thestimulus c)Thereisalotofoverlapbetweenthetwoprocessesofimaginingsomething andseeingit d)Thereareseveralregionsintheoccipitallobethatinvolvebothimaginin gsomethingandseeingit C 19)______referstotheskilldemonstratedbyindividualswhoareawareofthei rownmemoriesandthebestwaystorememberinformation. a)Metamemory b)Skilledmemorytheory c)Longtermworkingmemory d)Exceptionalmemory A 20)Onetypeofmetacognitionismetacomprehensionwhichreferstoknowingwhat youdoanddonotknow. a)True b)False A Chap9Quiz 1 Marks:1 Akeydifferencebetweenexpertsandnovicethatmakeexpertsmasterandmoreac curateatsolvingproblemsisthatexpertshave______. Chooseoneanswer. a.MorecomplexSchemas b.LargerlongtermMemories c.Moreefficientshorttermmemories d.Higherintelligence A Question2 Marks:1 Afterdevelopinganinterpretationofaproblem,thenextstageofproblemsolvi nginvolves_____. Chooseoneanswer. a.Generatingpossiblesolutions b.Evaluatingtheresultsofpossiblesolutions c.Reframingtheproblem d.Testingpossiblesolutions A Question3
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