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Psychology 1000

1. How many research credits do you need to obtain by the end of the year? A) 1 B) 100 C) 6 D) 2500 E) research credits? 2. Which of the following statements comparing the behavioral and psychodynamic perspectives is most accurate? A) though they are rather different on the surface, the perspectives are similar in that they both place a strong emphasis on free will and personal choice B) the behavioral approach emphasizes free will and personal choice while the psychodynamic approach does not C) the behavioral approach emphasizes internal causes while the psychodynamic approach places more emphasis on external causes D) the behavioral approach emphasizes external causes while the psychodynamic approach places more emphasis on internal causes E) A & C are correct 3. Professor Abel views the causes of schizophrenia as strictly biological, while Professor Worth sees the causes as completely environmental. Both are wrong. Why? A) the causes of abnormal behaviour are best described at the psychological level B) the causes of abnormal behaviour are best described in terms of psychodynamic principles C) interaction must be consideredboth levels are likely involved and each influence the other D) there are no known explanations for schizophrenia. E) B & D are correct 4. Dr. Mitchell is interested in the aggressive behaviour of pigeons. So, he goes to the park and records how many times one pigeon attacks another. This aspect of Dr. Mitchells research is MOST consistent with which goal of psychology? A) description B) understanding C) prediction D) control E) usefulness 5. As you listen to one of your psychology professors talking to a colleague, she uses the words childhood sexuality and repression when speaking about memory. Most likely, she is speaking about which psychological perspective? A) social constructivism B) psychodynamic C) humanistic D) neuroscience E) sociobiology 6. You overhear two psychologists talking about a patient. Dr. A insists that the patients problem is the result of turning away from self actualization. Dr. B says no, it is the result of collectivism. Most likely A) Dr. A is a behaviourist; Dr. B is humanist B) Dr. A follows the cognitive perspective; Dr. B is a structuralist C) Dr. A is a sociobiologist; Dr. B is a functionalist D) Dr. A follows the humanistic perspective; Dr. B follows the sociocultural perspective E) Dr. A is a cognitive behaviourist; Dr. B follows the behavioural perspective 7. Which of the following factors has NOT been suggested as a cause of depression? A) disruption in the sleep/wakefulness cycle B) self-blame for negative events C) an environment with far too many rewards D) a significant loss (e.g., of a parent) early in life E) all of the above have been suggested as causes of depression 8. Dr. Chan is interested in the study of basic processes in learning and memory. He conducts his research in a laboratory. Most likely, Dr. Chan is A) a clinical psychologist B) an educational psychologist C) a social psychologist D) a neuroscientist E) an experimental psychologist 9. Your friend is a bit unsure about her answers to a number of the questions on this exam and has asked you for your opinion. She wants to know what she should do in the future. According to the text, you would recommend all of the following EXCEPT A) you can rule out some alternatives immediately. Eliminate them and choose from the rest B) try to answer the questions before you look at the alternatives C) answer the questions you know first, then come back to the more difficult ones D) do not change your answersyour first guess is likely to be correct E) check your progress from time to time and make sure that you are on track 10. Which of the following statements would likely have been made by a sociobiologist? A) reality is a social construction and little is shared across cultures B) an individuals social behaviour is determined by external rewards C) much our behaviour is unknown to our conscious mindwe are driven by unconscious impulses and desires D) social behaviours that increase our ability to pass on our genes will be more likely to be represented in future generations E) all humans seek to self-actualize and grow 11. During dinner one evening, Arial mentions that she just read in a popular magazine that a particular herbal substance improves memory. Shes very excited about trying this supplement in hopes that it might improve her grades. Sitting across the table from her, Juan is skeptical. He begins to ask her about such things as the nature of the evidence regarding the herbs effectiveness and how big the memory improvement effect is supposed to be. Juans behavior is most consistent with which of the following concepts discussed in the text? A) Gestalt psychology B) functionalism C) British empiricismD) critical thinking E) A & C are both correct 12. You are listening to a psychologist describe his view of human nature. He uses terms like free will, choice and the search for meaning. This illustrates which of the major perspectives on psychology? A) humanistic B) behavioural C) cognitive D) psychodynamic E) socio-cultural 13. A limitation of Correlational research is that A) the data do not permit cause and effect conclusions B) the correlation coefficient only goes from -1.00 to +1.00 C) the data collected cannot be plotted D) it only addresses questions that cannot be studied experimentally E) it does not allow us to make predictions about the variables 14. A control group A) must always be used in correlational research B) is not exposed to the experimental treatment C) cannot be used as a comparison to the experimental group D) must be deceived into believing they are receiving treatment E) all of the above 15. With respect to ethics and the use of deception in research A) it should only be used when there is no other way to obt
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