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Sociology of Workplace Second Semester Final Exam Notes.docx

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Western University
Sociology 2169
Stephen Adams

Sociology of Workplace Final Exam Notes Chapter 14 Professional WorkWhat is a ProfessionCharacteristics Functionalist because professional keeps us healthy safe protected educatedPresence of a professional association like BAR exam for lawyersAdvancing training and education degreeEsoteric knowledge base fairly abstract usually not in common sense body of knowledgeService orientationCode of ethics generally guided by a formally established code power not abused How professionals want to be seen social influence and authority overlookedPower o Autonomy discretion has advantages and disadvantages for example more early misdiagnoses o Authority authority over patients and clients other workers Definition by PowerA high status professional doesnt just have power over clients and workers they also have power of public debates ex The obese debate is backed by medical professionals ex Barbers dont have a public debate about how we should do her hairFriedsonJohnson professions best defined by the ability to control their occupationworklabour of those who work for themFoucault professional knowledge are a source and product of power full circle Government and LegislationMost professional groups have the performance of their work restricted by government legislation o Ex For you can only do be a doctor if you are regulated by the governmentyou cant ask anyone to do open heart surgery but anyone can do youre plumbing exception for lawyers Illegal can get fined o Restricting and barrier to outsidersRestriction of definition government also legislates many occupations that are not socially esteemed Folk ConceptFriedson we should treat the definition of profession as one that is historically changing a folk concept o Thus what we define as profession changes within societies countries history o Shows that profession is not a fixed concept Critiques of DefinitionSocial closure o The ability of a specific group of people body institution to restrict others from membership into that group o 1 Professional schoolseducation requirement High tuition fees restricted admissionPeople argue that its because of better rewards and expensive requirement but o Thing is this also means a lot of people from certain social classes are restricted o Social mobility has hardly changed in the last years of Canadao The education gap between average population and professional population has always stayed the same due toLicensingCredential inflationMystification Foucalt studies a lotJargon A lot of medical or legal knowledge may not be as complex as you think it might beObscuring Knowledge think about professors and lectures etc not actually that complicated o Expert PowerIn the functionalist side is goodSome people argue the notion of professional groups has changed o Think about doctors back then and now the definition of professionals can change The Darkside of Expert PowerMilgram experiment o Authority and behaviourHow far would you go o 65 teacher punished learners to maximum 450 volts o No subject stopped before 300 voltsHow does this relate to professions and the sociology of the work o Baumann expert power scientificmanagement style division of labour a bureaucratic structuresHolocaust ProfessionalizationProcess through which occupations acquire the characteristics and status of a professionIs done through 1 Social Closure Weber Setting professional requirementsMechanismsEducation trainingHistorical eg Restricted to white men high classMoney 2 Social Movement professionalization and a kind of social government two kindsA Lobby government ex NursingGovernment is likely to step in if you dont have a significant social roleB Convince general public might also need to pertain to the publicIs not always a good thing certain nurse manager said it closed off a lot of capable applicantsCanadas first professions were medicine and law were granted right of selfregulation Social Trends 19th century was not an easy sell for medicine there were many health providers to choose from preference of midwives and judges were unwilling to convictAided professionals in extending their influence thth 1920 century respect for science and belief it uncovered secrets of worldSupport from elite groupsExpansion of knowledge and universityRestriction to high class white men to raise social status Strategies and Obstacles StrategiesOrganizing as a professional groupLobbyingStandardizing knowledgeSetting certification requirementsDeveloping code of ethics ObstaclesResistance within occupationResistance outside occupation From those in that field but also outside of the field Semi and ParaprofessionsDeclining amount of professional characteristics o Important decline in autonomy and power o Once your practice is under another professional group their power declinesSemi and paraprofessions o Feminist believe this isnt just about skill in professionalization it is also about genderAs soona certain group becomes overpowered by women it loses its dominance o Dominated by women however historically this is slightly changing Increasingly strive toward greater recognition as profession professionalization o If nurses take a lot of the work that doctors will do it will save a hospital a lot of money
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