Study Guides (238,613)
Canada (115,253)
Sociology (918)
Prof (5)

Family Final Exam Review.docx

10 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Sociology 2235

Family Final Exam Review PARENTHOOD: 3 Dominant Views of Parenthood: 1) Parenthood comes naturally (not necessary true) - books counter this, parents don’t get support with parenting or how to parent 2) Parenting is Easy - its not, it’s a skill “hardest but most rewarding job” 3) Parenting is a private responsibility - actually raising the next generation - value of child raising is not very high A Number of Social Changes Have Occurred Including: - high unemployment and poverty - high rates of divorce and single parenting (ideal is 2 parents) *parents divorce when young= delayed reaction and impacts child’s ability to have trusting relationships *its hard to be a single parent - fewer activities shared between parents and children *both parents work, video games, texting etc - less face to face interaction in families - more emphasis on childrens independence - less tolerance of parental supervision - loss of traditional family structure - less value conformity Gender Parenting: Social Construction of Family Life: - according to social constructionists family forms socially and historically constructed Meaning of gender, family, motherhood, and fatherhood: - changes with culture and historical contexts - in response to economic and social forces Need to Understand: - structural constraints, like education and workplace - cultural definitions and practices False Universals: Women- have maternal instinct - mothering is a source of womens fulfillment - women will protect children from harm Men- as seen as secondary providers Realities: Women- don’t want children, don’t always protect their children and commit infanticide Men- have been active in parenting throughout history and are capable of parenting and nurturing Historical Examples: In Agrarian Times- parenting was shared by all family members, fathers responsible for education and spiritual training In Pre-Industrial Times- fathers often got custody after divorce, child development literature directed at fathers Within Industrilization- fathers direct authority declined, “moms center of family”, this is the big shift where men work and women raise family Economic and Ideological Changes: -beginning in 1960s  mothers became more involved in paid labour market  equal rights for women  other options for fulfillment  fathers should share parenting (but didn’t happen) Debate Regarding Gender Egalitariansm: -some conservative scholars like Pope claim  undermine families  place children at risk -more liberal scholars  improvement over traditional families  provide more oppurtunities for self fulfillment Motherhood: Assumptions: if seperted from mothers children… - suffer from ability to form attachments - suffer from negative effects - 7 year agreement- children will suffer if separated at all from mother in first 7 years Facts: - no real evidence to support assumptions - studies are misleading Results: - women confined to home and family (sociocultural) - women do the emotional work Children don’t effect mens work life but have a huge impact on womens work life (worry more when at work, are late for work etc) Mommy Wars: Stay at home moms vs Super moms - home moms describe super moms as selfish, and neglecting their children - super moms describe home moms as lazy and unwilling to work Continuing Contradictions: Choice between home and paid work depends on: - the women (as an individual), her interests, her desires, her circumstances Fatherhood: Father and Children are close when women have: - greater public status - have decision making power - have access to positions of authority Across all regions, ethnic groups and religions: - fathers spend more time with their sons - fathers play rather than do children care Involved Fatherhood: fathers becoming primary parent more ofter or: - share parenting, divide chores, spend time equally with children - under these circumstances fathers develop intimate, nurturing relationships Research shows that: - men are more involved with children then in past - couples can divide up actual work - shift in mens involvement in pregnancy and birth (most improvement here) - greater involvement in preparation for parenthood - not resulted in equal responsibility for childcare The Shape and Limits of Involved Parenthood: - spending time with children is just as important as contributing money - no distinguish of fathering or mothering but “parenting” Conflict: spending time earning money or spending time with the kids? Make Parenting Equal: share responsibilities and share the “dirty work” Fathers are important- being close to their fathers has a significant contribution to: - happiness, life satisfaction, psychological well being, intellectual development, educational attainment, occupational mobitity Fathers Absence- Children Experience: - lower academic achievement - greater risk of delinquency - more dieviant behavior - greater likelihood of dropping out of school SAME SEX FAMILIES “Two spirited People”- thought to be in aboriginal Homosexuality: became a term after 1850s, before this same sex didn’t seem to bad In Canada: - 1969 Trudau decimalized homosexuality - illegal until 1969 and punishable up to 14 years in prison - acts still considered indecent but not a crime - gov has no business in peoples beadroom - by 1996 most provinces legislated against discrimination  age of consent for vag/oral lowered to 14  anal stayed at 18, discriminated  in some US states same sex marriage is still a crime Homosexuality: research in Soc is heterosexual bias - this means they have an assumption the everyone is straight, this doesn’t give good research and when do get info it is usually very generalized Prevalence: hard to get numbers - 1-3% in homosexual relationship - 10-20% engaged in homosexual act Stereotypes: assumption they live outside familys, thought to be more promiscuous which may be a fact but is no different than heterosexual men. Thought to not commit to relationships Attitudes: - no job field for homos that want to work with kids. Thought it would turn kids homo too - 97% straight men are child molesters, 3% women and gays - people think men gays shouldn’t have kids because they are child molesters…not true! Gay and Lesbian Youth: - assume everyone is straight - hear things and learn that gay/les isn’t “normal” - boys have hard time telling father/or parents already know PFLAG: Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays - educate parents about homosexuality - alleviate parents concerns of responsibilities - helps improve family relations Effects of Homophobia (Students): - 5x more likely to miss school because of feeling unsafe - 28% forced to drop out - 80% of victoms of anti gay/les violence never report incident - 85% teachers are opposed to integrating LGBT themes into curriculum - 42% of homeless youth identify as LGBT - 4x higher risk for suicide People Committing Hate Crimes: - 75% under 30 years old - 1 in 3 are under 18 - some of the worst antigay violence occurs in school Video: Rocking the Cradle- Gay Parenting - >6 million gay/les parents in US now,14 billion children of same sex parents - parents are more worked about social standards on kids then them as parents - co-parenting occur,feel that being a gay dad is minor its all the same parenting - co parent have extra hands so they can raise kids and work to the best they can - feel that their situation is a privilege and an ideal situation - all parents had criticism from family and community but it was worth while - all children need is a stable and safe environment and they can give
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 2235

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.