Sexual Orientations 2/12/2013 2:31:00 PM
– represents one‟s distinct sense of a natural preference and consistent
attraction to sexual and romantic partners of a particular sex in the presence
of clear alternatives.
– has 3 distinct components:
• Female sexuality…
– described as more “fluid” than men‟s.
- more plastic/more elastic
• The gay/lesbian/bisexual community generally cites…
– much higher in “gay friendly” large urban areas.
• U.S. studies suggest…
– 2.8% of men and 1.4% of women are homosexual
• 2011 Canadian Census…
– 64,575 (.08% of total families) same-sex unions
– biological and social influences contribute to the development of sexual
– predispose an individual to a particular sexual orientation.
– there is stronger evidence for the biological contribution in men than in
- Sexual fluidity of woman emphasizes the importance of social context in
woman‟s relationships. - their environment has more of an impact on them, than the men.
• Certain DNA patterns on the X chromosome appear to be associated
with male homosexuality.
– No such pattern has yet been identified for
• 50-60% genetic
Gay Rights Movement
Greater acceptance and a reduction of homophobia… fear of close interaction
with gays, lesbians, or bisexuals
Historical & cross-cultural attitudes about homosexuality
– sexual behavior between adult men and adolescent boys in ancient Greece
as a natural part of a boy‟s social education.
• Christian perspective
• Catholic Church
1957 - Evelyn – no psychiatric differences between homosexual males and
1973 – DSM revamped, removed homosexuality as a mental illness