Difference subjective and objective approaches to deviance?
Subjective – observations and experience
Objective – seeks to be unbiased, value free, neutral
Puts a lot of questions of this nature on final
What is the inductive approach?
What is the deductive approach?
What characterizes pre-scientific approaches to deviance?
What was the main event that we focused on in class as an example of pre-scientific
approaches to deviance? Why is it the perfect example of pre-scientific explanations of
Could this era be defined as subjective or objective? Subj… I think
Classical theories radical shift, what is that shift? Deviant is a rational actor that is self-
motivated. To supernatural to rational and scientific
Is this a subjective or objective? Objective
What is the panopticon? Prison at this time was a waiting period
What are the 3 elements of deterrence? Certainty, severity, celerity (speed)
According to this theory people become deviant passed on… rational actor – important
Biological theories can be characterized by…Positivism
According to these theories deviance is located… Within the individual themselves
Are these theories subjective or objective? Why? Objective
According to these theories what is the place of values? None or something
According to these theories what is the nature of the human being? All subject to physical
What is characteristic of the social disorganization perspective? The enviro, mechanical
model, organic model were of functionalism. Dev was normal. Not the people, but the
system. Idea that pathology or sickness can exist not only in individual but at a societal
level as well. Weakened society allows for deviance.
What was the significance of the Chicago school? Where you live.
What was the Hull House? She did good things, attached to chic school. Settlement house
social services, helping poor, attached to chic school… something about sociological
findings and her not given credit
What is the main argument of the social disorganization perspective?
What are the 5 types of change that contribute to social disorganization? Urbanization,
migration, immigration, industrialization and technological change. Part 2
What is structural functionalism? Focuses on interrelationships of parts of society with
one another. Unexpected linkages with these parts
What is deviance in this view? Necessary, it is a natural product
Is this theory subjective or objective? Objective
What are the seven positive consequences of deviance? Page 272. Clarification of rules,
testing of rules, alternative means goal attainment, safety valve (she thinks this one is an
MC question), attention release and solidarity, boundary something and scapegoating
What are Merton’s models of individual adaptation? Rebellion, Ritualism, Retreatism. Pg
What are the differences between manifest and latent functions?
Manifest – visible and comprehensible
Latent – consequences less obvy and often unrecog
How do Subcultural Theories explain deviance?
The root of the subculture is common experience that can not be shared with outsiders?
As opposed to the strain perspective, Walter Miller claims that delinquent subculture
(deviance) is not a response to strain but instead has its own distinctive tradition many
centuries old with integrity of its own
Given this info, are these theories subjective or objective? Why? Objective
What is Argot?
What are the vocabularies of motive? Justifications for behaviour which neutralize
demands of pop culture
What is differential association? Learning to be deviant. What is being differentially
associated is definitions and not people.
Who has the most influence over us according to this theory? Reference others
According to labeling and interaction theories, deviance is a human creation – a social
construction that emerges out of interaction, becomes real, and effects subsequent events.
Past theories ignored the role of the observer
Deviance is relative to judgments made by others
What are the differences between symbolic interaction theory, societal react