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Final Review.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2259
Professor
Donna Maynard
Semester
Winter

Description
Final Review Difference subjective and objective approaches to deviance? Subjective – observations and experience Objective – seeks to be unbiased, value free, neutral Puts a lot of questions of this nature on final What is the inductive approach? What is the deductive approach? What characterizes pre-scientific approaches to deviance? What was the main event that we focused on in class as an example of pre-scientific approaches to deviance? Why is it the perfect example of pre-scientific explanations of deviance? Could this era be defined as subjective or objective? Subj… I think Classical theories radical shift, what is that shift? Deviant is a rational actor that is self- motivated. To supernatural to rational and scientific Is this a subjective or objective? Objective What is the panopticon? Prison at this time was a waiting period What are the 3 elements of deterrence? Certainty, severity, celerity (speed) According to this theory people become deviant passed on… rational actor – important concept Biological theories can be characterized by…Positivism According to these theories deviance is located… Within the individual themselves Are these theories subjective or objective? Why? Objective According to these theories what is the place of values? None or something According to these theories what is the nature of the human being? All subject to physical selves. What is characteristic of the social disorganization perspective? The enviro, mechanical model, organic model were of functionalism. Dev was normal. Not the people, but the system. Idea that pathology or sickness can exist not only in individual but at a societal level as well. Weakened society allows for deviance. What was the significance of the Chicago school? Where you live. What was the Hull House? She did good things, attached to chic school. Settlement house social services, helping poor, attached to chic school… something about sociological findings and her not given credit What is the main argument of the social disorganization perspective? What are the 5 types of change that contribute to social disorganization? Urbanization, migration, immigration, industrialization and technological change. Part 2 What is structural functionalism? Focuses on interrelationships of parts of society with one another. Unexpected linkages with these parts What is deviance in this view? Necessary, it is a natural product Is this theory subjective or objective? Objective What are the seven positive consequences of deviance? Page 272. Clarification of rules, testing of rules, alternative means goal attainment, safety valve (she thinks this one is an MC question), attention release and solidarity, boundary something and scapegoating What are Merton’s models of individual adaptation? Rebellion, Ritualism, Retreatism. Pg 277 What are the differences between manifest and latent functions? Manifest – visible and comprehensible Latent – consequences less obvy and often unrecog How do Subcultural Theories explain deviance? The root of the subculture is common experience that can not be shared with outsiders? As opposed to the strain perspective, Walter Miller claims that delinquent subculture (deviance) is not a response to strain but instead has its own distinctive tradition many centuries old with integrity of its own Given this info, are these theories subjective or objective? Why? Objective What is Argot? What are the vocabularies of motive? Justifications for behaviour which neutralize demands of pop culture What is differential association? Learning to be deviant. What is being differentially associated is definitions and not people. Who has the most influence over us according to this theory? Reference others According to labeling and interaction theories, deviance is a human creation – a social construction that emerges out of interaction, becomes real, and effects subsequent events. Past theories ignored the role of the observer Deviance is relative to judgments made by others Subjective What are the differences between symbolic interaction theory, societal react
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