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Study Guide- Sociology 1021


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1021E
Professor
Kim Luton

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STUDY GUIDE
SOCIOLOGY 1021

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1
Table of Contents
Chapter
Name
Page Number
1
Introduction to Sociology
2
2
Research Methods
7
3
Culture
12
4
Socialization
17
5
Deviance
24
6
Social Inequality
31
7
Gender Relations
37
8
Race and Ethnic Relations
42
9
Aging
47
10
Families
51
11
Religion
56
12
Media
62
13
Education
69
14
Organization and Work
72
15
Social Movements
76
16
Demography and Urbanization
78
17
Social Change
83

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2
Chapter 1
Introduction to Sociology
Emile Durkheim
o Investigation of Suicide
o Durkheim argued that social factors effected suicide
o NOT individually isolated ones such as mental illness, inherited tendencies or
unhappiness
o He said that it depended on Social facts
o Because of Social isolation:
Men more than women
Protestants more than Catholics and Jews
Older more than younger people
Single more than married people
o Egoistic Suicide: Suicide because of lack of social ties
o Suicide bombers feel excessive ties to their society
o Altruistic Suicide: Suicide because of excessively strong ties
o In a setting where change happens fast, people experience unpredictability and no
limits which causes suicide
o Anomic Suicide: Suicide because of insufficient regulations
o In a setting with a lot of rules (fascist/communist). People feel constricted and
trapped
o Fatalistic Suicide: Suicide because of too many rules and too few options
Sociologists don't say that behaviour is ALWAYS caused by group experiences, but they do
think that group behaviour is influenced to a certain extent by different circumstances.
Auguste Comte
o Saw sociology as a religion and science.
o Sociologists would be the priests , guide societies through bad times and heal
problems
Durkheim argued that society is based on consensus and cooperation.
o Society is like a human body: each organ performing specific task, all social ills are
fixable
Marx denied this and said that powerful people held society together by making weaker
people submit to them
o Social ills can only be cured if these powerful people are overthrown and everyone
is equal and cooperative
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